The Carthaginian state or Punic state as it was also known, was a civilization in the city of Carthage and dependent territories, in classical antiquity.At the beginning of the empire, its territory was only the city of Carthage and small areas around, however, it developed an alliance, based on the hegemony of Carthage, with other Punic cities you located in the western Mediterranean.
This allowed to acquire more cities for their domain, for example, what is currently known as Tunisia, which would in fact be the heart of the Carthaginian state.
But at the beginning, as the empire was so small, they had to specialize in maritime commerce to ensure its existence.When he gave way to his conquest, between the 5th and 3rd centuries BC. C, they absorbed the establishments dedicated to the Phoenician trade and created new ones in North Africa, in Ibiza, Sardinia, Hispania and Sicily.
Rivals of the Carthaginian State
At the end of the third century BC C. and as part of its expansion process, the Carthaginian state became a great military and economic power of the western Mediterranean.
On their way, he found Rome , which also struggled to enlarge their territory, their desires to grow and dominate, led them to have a huge rivalry, leading to great wars such as the Punic War, one of the most transcendent of antiquity
In spite of being a military power, the Carthaginian state was defeated by Rome in the 3 great battles they presented, until it took it to its complete disappearance in the year 146 a. C.
They adopted the traditions of the Phoenicians, who believed in the existence of spirit and soul; the spirit was the bearer of life with a divine origin.
Religion was part of their culture and life, conservative both in their beliefs and in practice, they were pious, but retained the practice of human sacrifice.
This human sacrifice was to offer the god Baal Hammón through the Molk rite, the life of the firstborn.
According to archaeological excavations, at least 20 thousand urns were found dating back to the 400s. C. and the 200 a. C, with bones of newborn babies, 2 year olds and fetuses.
If the baby was born dead, the parents had to sacrifice the youngest son.