Cabriolet: Later known only as CAB, it is a horse-drawn carriage, generally with two wheels, whose frame or box is convertible and open at the front and that is driven from the box or frame or from a davit located on the outside and rear of the vehicle.
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- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Features
- 4 Imprint
- 5 See Also
- 6 Source
Towards the second half of the 18th century , in France a type of women’s hat was called a cabriolet, with wide brims and feathers to protect its wearer from the Sun and rain. Due to the similarity of the hat with the new type of carriage, the term began to be used to name it, because thanks to its hood or cabriolet it covered the passengers.
The world began to get smaller with the creation of horse-drawn wheeled vehicles. As the dynamics of large cities grew, a rental vehicle became necessary to transport one or more passengers between places of choice (or near them), quickly and safely. Around the middle of the 19th century, said concern said concern became an urgency. Around this time the cab emerged, a horse-drawn two-wheeled carriage designed by the English architect Joseph A. Hansom, very similar to the original cabriolet. It was originally known as Hansom’s safety taxi, and in the name is the reason for its success. Other taxis of the time had stability problems that made them prone to capsizing. Hansom overcame this and solved the safety issue without compromising speed.
When mechanical meters were introduced, since the Hansom was light enough to be pulled by a single horse, it was cheaper than a four-wheeled cart. As a result it replaced the Hackney truck as the preferred vehicle for rental.
Successive modifications made by John Chapman in 1836 and F. Forder in 1873 made it the most popular means of public transport in London and the United States .
It thrived until cheap motorized transportation and the construction of transportation systems saw more people using cars and the cab began to decline. In 1927 there were only twelve licensed Hansoms in London and the last London cab driver turned in his license in 1947 . It is still remembered today as an essential part of Victorian life.
It is a closed cabin with a seat inside for two people. The front of the cabin was open, allowing a better view and a leather curtain could be drawn providing privacy or shelter from the elements. It is accessed through two small doors, located at the front. It is usually very light, with two wheels , suspended behind the box by means of straps and pulled by a single horse .
It is driven by a coachman, located at the top of its back, passing the reins on the roof, from where he has a view from above. From there it could communicate with its passengers through a hatch in the roof. The large size of its wheels and the lower position of the cabin means less wear and tear and fewer accidents.
It was for its speed that it was the car of choice for the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes . Its speed and maneuverability made it the ideal vehicle for the famous detective Arthur Conan Doyle , allowing him to quickly reach crime scenes.
By 1920, cab taxis were replaced by motor vehicles. However, its usefulness and presence for almost a century on the urban scene had already marked the sensitivity of its citizens and with it, the language. Thus, the term cab not only refers to a type of carriage, but also to any type of cab taxi.