Button . Object used since prehistory, but mass-produced since the 12th century . He was very present in the men’s locker room.
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- 1 Origin
- 2 types of buttons
- 3 How to cook a button
- 1 Step one
- 2 Step two
- 3 Step three
- 4 Sources
According to some research, the first used were shells of mollusks carved and perforated. They were found in the Indus Valley and date from 2000 BC.
The Greeks and Romans used the buttons to adorn their robes and dresses. During the Middle Ages they were made of horn or glass and only people who had wealth could afford to carry them. In the 13th century they began to become fashionable, along with other clothing ornaments, such as pins and cameos.
In 1350 the crusaders brought it to Europe. Previously, the wealthy tied their clothes with brackets, and the poorest used knots or hooks.
The button was used to fix the narrow sleeves of the upper class women, to avoid sewing them daily. It became relevant in the court of Ferdinand III the Saint, and in that of his cousin Saint Louis, king of France , it was one more jewel, added to the jewels that stood out in the luxury of the upper classes.
In the XV century , at the court of Enrique IV of Castilla , it began to be used as a decorative element, combined with trimmings. Towards the end of the Middle Ages it was a sign of nobility.
During the 16th century , magnificent buttons were handcrafted, very elaborate and made with gold , silver and jewelry inlays. Having clothes with buttons, at that time, was a sign of luxury and good taste. It became fashionable to sew them into clothing in a long line and touching each other.
In 1520 , Francis I of France was to meet Henry VII of England and was presented in a black velvet gown to which more than 13,000 buttons had been sewn. Henry VII also wore valuable buttons, which had the same drawings engraved on them as his rings.
In the 17th century , cloth-lined and decorated with embroidery began to be made. They were used in any type of garment, including scarves and stockings . The Puritans refused to wear buttons on the grounds that they were the result of vanity. Their clothes only featured hooks and buttonholes.
By 1750 , it had begun to become more practical than ornamental in England, with the first Europeans arriving in America often using buttons to trade with Aboriginal tribes .
They began to be manufactured in America around 1800 . They were made in bronze or bone, but later they were made in porcelain , ivory , metals, wood , glass , pearls and plastic .
Haute couture feminized it and from 1930 on, synthetic resins began to be used, an element that allowed them to be made in all shapes, colors and sizes.
There are buttons with two or four holes, but there are also buttons that are fastened by only one hole on the back and that, unlike the others, does not extend to the front.
The buttons are not only round, nor flat. There are a large number of different designs that incorporate different textures and finishes. Many of the buttons used on coats and blouses have been lined in the same fabric as the main garment.
Many clothing items, such as shirts, pants, and especially clothing that is considered to be of the highest quality, often have extra buttons, attached to a non-noticeable part of the garment.
How to cook a button
- Place the button over the garment and threadthe thread inside out toward the front of the garment through one of the button holes.
- Make sure that the knot you made in the previous step serves as a stop and does not go long. If it has passed, make a knot in the same place as the previous one and it will be bigger.
Repeat the previous two steps using the rest of the button holes until the button is firm.
Tense the thread but do not apply too much force to avoid cutting it. In this way you can already leave the button fixed to the garment and it will be easier for you to continue sewing.
Repeat the previous two steps using the rest of the button holes until the button is firm. Tip! If you sew the button crosswise (forming a cross with the thread over the button), the seam will have much more support and will not break easily.