Bottle . It is a container made of a rigid material, usually glass or some variety of plastic .


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  • 1 Description
    • 1 Parts of the bottle
  • 2 Use
    • 1 The bottle of wine
  • 3 History
  • 4 The most used types of bottles
  • 5 Sources


The bottle generally has a long thin neck and a bulky body.

Parts of the bottle

The bottle is made up of the following parts:

  • Mouth
  • Neck
  • Body
  • Background


It is used to contain liquid products, such as water , milk , wine , etc. There are also metal bottles that are used to contain gases under pressure but their use is more specific and less general.

The wine bottle

The classic bottle of wine

A simple bottle of wine , without other labeling elements or closures, can provide clues about the kind of wine it contains. It is for this reason that in blind tasting events, the bottles are covered or the wines are placed in a decanter, since the shape, height, even the thickness of the glass, the color and cesía, in addition to the chopped, can be indicator signs for tasters.

  • The peak: The configuration of the peak with projections or edges is very important as it provides a reinforcement to the neck avoiding breaks. Facilitates the placement of the capsules. The shape of the spout is also essential to better serve the drink . In the market 7 different models of spouts are presented in wine bottles. The differences between them appear between the reinforcement ring (flanges) and the mouth diameter. If the lip is very protruding, the placement of capsules is difficult and these break, so other closing elements are used such as paraffin seals or wax or cardboard rings.
  • The neck: The neck is another characteristic area of ​​the bottle and is important in the effectiveness of product preservation, so that the cork as a closing element can fulfill its function. The neck does not allow the cork to expand, preventing air from entering when it is stowed horizontally, essential for aging wines. The spikes of Bordeaux bottles, with a cylindrical neck and long are considered the best for aging.
  • The shoulder: Its function is the transition between the body and the neck. The pronounced shoulders ensure the deposit of sediment when it is in a horizontal position, preventing them from passing into the glass .
  • The body: It is the most important characterizing area. It is generally determined by a surface of revolution, with cylindrical to conical characteristics, but there are flattened bodies such as the caramanola type bottle. The body fulfills the function of containing the product, and in most cases being the support for all communication about the product.
  • The picada: At the base of the bottle, there is a concavity. In some bottles it is deeper than in others. In higher priced wines, the mince is deeper, and is related to a higher total weight of the bottle. It was adopted for a better service of the wine, since it allows the contents to be poured while maintaining the balance of the container.
  • The marks: are characterizations of the bottle configured by modeling on the glass. They can be to give rigidity, stability, to center the labels, to place the closing elements and to identify the winery or the wine, in addition to the brand of the glassware, and its capacity. You can find engravings in relief, capacity in ml, number of the mold or some shield. They are special wine accessories, this makes the packaging more expensive not only due to its own tooling but also because it requires increasing the thickness of the glass .


In ancient Rome the term ampulla, bottle, was used to designate a vessel that had any shape and was made of any material, but above all the name was used to designate a container with a long narrow neck and an inflated body. Bottles of very different models have been found in the excavations of the city of Rome.

The most used types of bottles

  • Rhin or Alsacena (for whites and pinks).
  • Champagne, Cava or Sparkling.
  • Jerezana (for generous Andalusians).
  • Special of 50 cl. (small bordeaux ideal for a diner)
  • Magnum of a liter and a half. This bottle prolongs the life of the wine 5 years, (the evolution is slower than that of 75 cl).


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