Bael Fruit from India

Bael Fruit from India . Medium-sized thorny tree, belonging to the rutáceas family . Deciduous leaves, generally trifoliolate, berry fruit from round to oval, the size of an orange, but with a hard bark like güira . Inside it contains a sweet, fragrant pulp, which is consumed naturally, in jellies or juices, or as a quince. Used in traditional medicine from this part of Asia


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  • 1 Taxonomy
    • 1 Scientific name
      • 1.1 Authors
    • 2 Basonym
      • 2.1 Basonym combinations
    • 3 Synonymy
    • 4 Common name
  • 2 Origin
  • 3 Distribution and habitat
    • 1 In Cuba
  • 4 Features
    • 1 Fruits
      • 1.1 Hazards
    • 5 Uses
      • 1 Use in religious rituals
      • 2 Natural advantages and healing properties
      • 3 Constipation, constipation
      • 4 Diarrhea and dysentery
      • 5 Peptic ulcer
      • 6 Respiratory conditions
    • 6 External links
    • 7 References
    • 8 Sources


Scientific name

  • Aegle marmelos (L.) Corrêa [1] [2] [3] [4]


  • Corrêa da Serra, José Francisco

Aegle marmelos

  • Posted in: Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 5: 223. 1800. [5]


  • Crateva marmelos L. [6]

Basonym combinations

  • Belou marmelos (L.) A. Lyons
  • Bilacus marmelos (L.) Kuntze [7]


  • Crataeva marmelos L.
  • Crateva marmelos L. [8]
  • Aegle marmelos var. Zate mahurensis
  • Belou marmelos (L.) Lyons
  • Bilacus marmelos (L.) Kuntze
  • Crateva religiosa Ainslie
  • Pellucida Feronia Roth [9]

Common name

Bael fruit from India, quince, Bengal quince, Bael. [10]


Indochina – Indonesia . It is present throughout Southeast Asia as a naturalized species. It is the only member of the monotypic genus Aegle. It is a medium-sized, thin, aromatic tree that grows to a height of 18 meters.

Distribution and habitat

Bael is produced in the hills and plains dry forests of the north , center and south of India , southern Nepal , Sri Lanka , Myanmar , Pakistan , Bangladesh , Vietnam , Laos , Cambodia and Thailand . It is cultivated throughout India, as well as in Sri Lanka , the northern Malacca Peninsula , Java , the Philippines, and the Fiji Islands .

In Cuba

He is seen in Santiago de las Vegas , Havana and in El Cafetal , La Sierrita , Cienfuegos , as well as in the National Botanical Gardens ( Arroyo Naranjo ) and Provincial of Pinar del Río [11]


It is a tree that reaches a size of 6 m in height, with spines 15 mm long, alone or in pairs. The leaves are petiolate, scarcely pubescent; with 3-5 leaflets, ovate-lanceolate, subcrenulate, obtuse. The flowers are greenish-white, fragrant. Pubescent pedicels. 3 mm sepals, pubescent, deciduous. Petals 13 mm, oblong, fleshy. Fruit 5-10 cm in diameter, greenish-yellow or green in color, globose to piriformis, 3 mm thick peel, pale orange pulp, mucilaginous and aromatic. Flat, rectangular seeds with dense wool, embedded in the transparent adhesive rubber.



The bael fruit has a smooth, hard, wooden peel with a green, gray, or yellow color. It can grow to the size of a large grapefruit or grapefruit. The shell is so hard and difficult that it must be broken with a hammer or machete. The fibrous pulp of yellow color is very aromatic, the resinous paste with fibrous bands with a sweet but strong and spicy flavor. Numerous hairy seeds are encapsulated in slimy mucilage.

  • Look for round, soft and heavy fruit.
  • The fruit should be green to light yellow in appearance.
  • Keep at room temperature for 2 days.
  • The ripe fruit does not last long and the sweetness gives way to a sour taste. The pulp can be stored in the form of a straw.


During the bael season there is a danger of falling fruits that are very hard and heavy. They can cause injury to people and humans and damage to property.



The fruit is eaten fresh or dried. If it’s fresh, the juice is filtered and sweetened to make a lemonade-like drink. With it, Sharbat (Hindi) or bel pana (Bengali) is made, a refreshing drink made from the pulp with water, sugar and lemon juice, mixed, left to rest for a few hours, strained and put on ice. A large Bael fruit can give up to five to six liters of Sharbat.

If the fruit is desired dry, it is usually cut and sun dried. The leather-hard slices are then simmered in water. The leaves and small shoots are eaten as green, leafy vegetables.

Tamil Siddhas call the plant koovilam and make use of the aromatic leaves for medicinal purposes, such as dyspepsia and sinusitis. A sweet fruit jam called ilakam, it is used to treat tuberculosis and loss of appetite. It is used in Ayurvedic Medicine for many purposes, especially chronic constipation.

Use in religious rituals

The fruit is also used in religious rituals. In Hinduism the tree is considered sacred. It is used in the worship of Shiva , who is said to be in favor of the leaves. The trifoliate blades symbolize the trident that Shiva holds in his right hand. The fruits are used in place of the coconuts before large-scale rail transportation was available. The fruit is said to resemble a skull with a white, bone-like outer shell, and a soft inner part, and is sometimes called Phaël seer (fruit head).

However, it is very likely that “Phal Seer” has been coined from the Sanskrit term ShreePhal, which in turn is a common name for this fruit. Many Hindus have bael trees in their yards.

In traditional Nepalese culture , the bael tree is part of a girls fertility ritual known as baha Bel. Girls are “married” to the bael fruit and as long as the fruit is kept safe and the girl’s cracks can never become widows, even when her human husband dies. This was seen as the protection against social contempt suffered by widows.

Natural benefits and healing properties

The bael tree is one of the most useful medicinal plants in India . Its medicinal properties have been described in the ancient Sanskrit medical treatise, Charaka Samhita. All parts of this tree including the trunk, bark, roots, leaves and fruits at all stages of maturity have medicinal virtues and have been used as a traditional medicine for a long time.

The fruit is of considerable medicinal value when it is just ripening. The ripe fruit is an aromatic astringent, which helps build the skin, coolants and laxative. The unripe or half-ripe fruit is stomach astringent, digestive, which improves appetite and that is, antiscorbutic, which helps combat scurvy caused by vitamin C deficiency .

Constipation, constipation

Ripe bael fruit is considered the best of all laxatives. Cleanses and tones the intestine. Its regular use for two or three months helps to evacuate even the old fecal matter accumulated in the bowels. For best results, it should be taken in the form of sherbat, which is prepared from the pulp of the ripe fruit. After breaking the shell, the contents and seeds are first extracted using a spoon and passed through a sieve. You can add a little milk and sugar to make it more palatable. The pulp of the ripe fruit can also be scooped without the addition of milk or sugar. With about 60 grams of the fruit it will be enough for an adult.

Diarrhea and dysentery

Ripe or half-immature fruit is perhaps the most effective food remedy for chronic diarrhea and dysentery, where there is no fever. The best results are obtained by using dry bael or its powder. Bael fruit, when still green, is sliced ​​and dried in the sun. The slices of dried bael are reduced to powder and preserved in airtight jars. The green bael can also be baked and taken with brown or brown sugar.

The fruit appears to have little effect in acute dysentery when there is a definite feeling of defecation, but instead of large amounts of feces, blood and only mucus. The powdered drug is especially recommended in this condition. Its beneficial effect of cases, however, more evident when the condition has become sub-acute or chronic. After the use of the fruit in these conditions, the blood gradually disappears and the feces revert to more starchy and solid forms. The mucus also disappears after continued use for some time. It is also a valuable resource for chronic dysenteric diseases characterized by alternate diarrhea and constipation.

Peptic ulcer

An infusion of bael leaves is regarded as an effective food remedy for peptic ulcer. The leaves are soaked in water overnight. This water is strained and taken as a drink in the morning. Pain and discomfort are relieved when this treatment is continued for a few weeks. Bael leaves are rich in tannins that reduce inflammation and help ulcers heal. When taken as a drink, it also provides great viscous contents. This substance forms a layer on the lining of the stomach and therefore aids in the healing of ulcers.

Respiratory conditions

A medicinal oil prepared from the bael leaves gives relief from recurring colds and respiratory conditions. The juice extracted from the bael leaves is mixed with equal amounts of sesame oil and heated thoroughly. Some black pepper seeds and a half teaspoon of black cumin are added to the hot oil. It is then removed from the fire and stored for use when needed. A teaspoon of this oil should be used to massage the scalp before washing the head. Its regular use builds resistance against colds and coughs.

A common practice in South India is to give the juice of bael leaves to bring relief from wheezing and wheezing. The juice of the leaves, mixed in warm water with a little pepper, is given as a drink.


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