anemia is a pathological condition characterized by a decrease of hemoglobin (protein involved in the transport of oxygen) in the blood. The reduction of the protein causes a difficulty in the circulation of oxygen.This situation can occur after a reduction in the number, volume and concentration of circulating erythrocytes (the cells that carry hemoglobin), hemoglobin or its ability to join oxygen.
The symptoms that most often distinguish anemia are:
dyspnea on exertion
an increased predisposition to infections
What pathologies can be linked to anemia?
The diseases that can be linked to anemia are the following:
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Remember that this is not a complete list and it is always better to consult with your doctor.
What are the solutions for anemia?
The treatment of anemia depends on the reason that it originated:
if there is a lack of folic acid just supplement the vitamin absent orally
if there is a lack of vitamin B12, the treatment includes intramuscular injections of the same vitamin
For iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia (the one in which the lack of hemoglobin depends on the low iron levels in the blood ) it is necessary to resort to the administration of ferrous salts, usually by the oral route, although in some people it may be better giving iron salts intramuscularly or intravenously (mainly occurs in situations of oral malabsorption)
Blood transfusions are used in the presence of very serious anemia or are reserved for anemics who cannot be subjected to other types of treatment.
In the presence of underweight or overweight patients, the reason for the anemia may be caused by an irregular diet. In this situation, the first therapeutic measure consists in correcting the wrong eating habits.
With anemia when to contact your doctor?
In case of anemia it is always good to contact your doctor, in particular if you are suffering from one of the diseases related to this disorder (see list of associated diseases).