American black cherry

American black cherry Black cherry was introduced to Europe in 1623 as an ornamental plant and since the 19th century has been used for afforestation. Today, its distribution area has been extended to almost all of Europe

Summary

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  • 1 Description
  • 2 Multiplication
  • 3 Features
  • 4 Medicinal use
  • 5 Sources

Description

Black cherry has been introduced to Europe in 1623 as an ornamental plant and since the 19th centuryIt has been used for afforestation. Today, its range has been extended to almost all of Europe and it often comes into direct competition with native forest species so much that the flora is reduced considerably. The fruits are pleasant and are generally consumed fresh, with them sweets and liqueurs are also prepared. In countries or regions with a temperate-cold climate, where this tree is most abundant, it is used on farms to make live fences, and in urban centers as ornamentals. It is closely related to the Virginia cocoon (Prunus virginiana), from which it differs in the larger leaves and the cherries, which when ripe are black, not red. Also confused with the cocoon: Prunus salicifolia from Mexico. In Europe it is confused with the alder cherry (Prunus padus), from which it differs in the leaves, which are bright, and in the flowers, which appear later (serotine means late), a few weeks after the leaves. This is why, in many languages ​​(French, Italian, German), this species is called late cherry. In French it receives several common names: Cerisier tardif, Cerisier noir à fleurs, Prunier d’automne, Merisier …

 

Multiplication

The seeds of this species are dispersed by birds and can remain up to five years in the forest soil before germination. This favors the rapid diffusion of black cherry, especially after the logging of forests.

 

features

American black cherry pronus serotina : Tree native to eastern and central North America up to 30 meters high. Erect trunk with very deep gray cut and bitter flavor, pointed leaves of up to 15 cm with pubescent undersides. Flowers gathered in inflorescences that can measure up to 15 cm that bloom very late. Its fruit is a cherry of the Tamayo of a pea, in Europe it is planted as Tree ornaments mainly for canopies or canopies. It is propagated by seed. This tree is quite resistant to strong temperature changes

Medicinal use

In popular medicine, the decoction of the leaves is used as a diuretic and expectorant. The flowers attract large numbers of bees because of the nectar they produce. The fruits are highly desired by birds, which contribute to the dispersal of the species. . Black cherry trees provide a good source of vitamins, provide powerful antioxidants, and reduce inflammation. They are used to improve kidneys and joint health, to treat gout and to help with sleep.

  • Antioxidant properties

Black cherry trees contain polyphenols, which are organic components with antioxidant properties. A study by N. P Seeram published in the February 2008 issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry conducted tests with the antioxidant potency of different fruit juices such as black cherry, pomegranate, acai, blueberry ( blueberry), cranberry and concord grape. The study evaluated the ability of juices to inhibit oxidation of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and total polyphenol content. Black cherry juice was the first juice on the list for its antioxidant capacity.

  • Anti-inflammatory agent

Cherry, both sweet and sour, contain anti-inflammatory properties. A study by R. A Jacob, published in the June 2003 issue of “Journal of Nutrition,” found that cherry trees inhibit inflammatory pathways and therefore decrease inflammation.

 

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