Aerial acrobatics

Aerial acrobatics : it is the realization of maneuvers in the air with an aircraft, for this they are exhibited by means of pirouettes and rotations on the axes, both transverse and longitudinal, of the ships. The use of several acrobatics linked together requires greater control of the apparatus and a greater degree of experience in practice, and they are called linked acrobatics.

Summary

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  • 1 History
  • 2 Features
  • 3 Aerobatics teams
  • 4 Bibliography

History

During the first years of aviation, some pilots used their planes to entertain the public at air shows. The aerial maneuvers carried out, chosen for their beauty or danger, had no greater purpose than to impress the spectators. In Spain , the first pilot of which an aerobatics maneuver is known was the Biscay Manuel Zubiaga-Aldecoa, with a Bristol plane of his property, which made the looping, the sixth in the world to perform it. Manuel Zubiaga indicated that the maneuver was not carried out ex profeso, but that by opening gas and giving more power to the engine, the airplane made the maneuver by itself. It is said that if the Wright brothers plane, which had a structure very similar to Manuel Zubiaga’s Bristol, would have had a more powerful engine, would also have ended up looping the loop – “curling the curl”. Later, during World War I the pilots performed acrobatic maneuvers to try to gain tactical advantage over enemy planes in air fighting.

characteristics

The airplanes used in aerobatics are usually divided into two groups: acrobatic airplanes and airplanes capable of performing acrobatic maneuvers, differing from each other in that the former are specially designed to perform more complex stunts. Those who practice aerobatics often decorate their stunts with colored smoke that describes the shapes created in the air as the movement of the airplanes progresses . In the case of military equipment, they usually use the colors of the national flags they represent. Acrobatic teams fly in formation, with all planes at the same height to avoid accidents.

Accidents in aerobatics are not very common, but if they occur they can cause several deaths in a few seconds given the characteristics of the sport. That is why the measures are extremely careful and there are specific rules that prohibit some concrete practices to maintain a high level of security.

Aerial acrobatics is recognized as a sport. It competes in several categories, which differ according to their ability:

  • Elementary (Primary or Graduate), initiation levels
  • Sports (Sportsman)
  • Intermediate
  • Advanced
  • Unlimited

The highest level of skill is represented in the Unlimited category, in which pilots perform extremely complex maneuvers under high accelerations of up to +/- 12 g (force g). In some countries, the pilot must wear a parachute when performing stunts.

Aerobatics teams

In many countries world championships are held where several teams intervene in which we can cite:

  • Handles of Portugal (Portuguese Air Force)
  • August 1st (Chinese Air Force)
  • Black Eagle (Korean Air Force)
  • Black Knights (Air Force of the Republic of Singapore)
  • Akrobatika (Brazil, particular Squadron of Ubatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil) – (Extinct)
  • Blue Angels (United States Navy)
  • Blue Diamonds (Philippine Air Force)
  • Blue Eagles (Royal Air Force — United Kingdom)
  • Blue Impulse (Japanese Air Force)
  • Breitling Jet Team (Private Group of the United States)
  • Cartouche doré (French Air Force)
  • Southern Cross (“Southern Cross” – Argentine Air Force)
  • Diables Rouges (Belgian Air Force)
  • Elang Biru (Indonesian Air Force)
  • Esquadrilha de Fumaça – Brazilian Air Force)
  • Frecce Tricolori (Italian Air Force)
  • Falcons (Falcons-Chilean Air Force)
  • Hungarian Sky Hussars (Hungarian Air Force)
  • Green Hawk (Thailand Weather and Agriculture Group)
  • Orlik Aerobatic Team (Polish Air Force)
  • Patrouille de France (French Air Force)
  • Patrouille Suisse (Swiss Air Force)
  • Patrol Eagle (Spanish Air Force)
  • Red Arrows (United Kingdom Royal Air Force)
  • Red Checkers (New Zealand Air Force)
  • Red Pelicans (Royal Air Force of South Africa)
  • Rotors of Portugal (Portuguese Air Force Helicopters)
  • Roulettes (Portuguese-Australian Air Force)
  • Royal Jordanian Falcons (Jordan Air Force)
  • Russian Knights (Russian Air Force)
  • Sagar Pawan (Indian Navy)
  • Sanmueang (Força Aérea Real de Thailand)
  • Saudi Hawks, (Saudi Air Force)
  • Sherdils (Pakistani Air Force)
  • Silver Falcons (Air Force of South Africa)
  • Silver Swallows (Irish Air Force)
  • Snowbirds (Canadian Air Force)
  • Team Jupiter (Indonesian Air Force)
  • Team 60 (Swiss Air Force)
  • Thunder Tiger (Air Force of the People’s Republic of China)
  • Thunderbirds (United States Air Force)
  • Turkish Stars (Turkish Air Force)
  • Ukrainian Falcons (Ukrainian Air Force)
  • Wings of Storm (Croatian Air Force)

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