Commonly referred to as the Chechen Republic, Chechnya is one of Russia’s federal subjects. It is located south of eastern Europe, within 100 km of the Caspian Sea. It borders with North Ossetia, Georgia, Dagestan and Stavropol Krai all of which are part of the Russian federal territory. Chechnya was formed in 1993 after a series of wars that led the Russians to take control of the capital, Grozny and much of the state. They had no choice but to swear allegiance to Russia as an argument. The Chechens were allowed to form their own parliament and constitutional court. A majority of those living in Chechnya speak Chechen and Russian and the last estimate of its population is the inhabitants of 1,395,678.
President Aslan Mashkhadov won the elections; becoming the first president of the Chechen independent state. The state of emergency was declared in Chechnya by the Grozny authorities in 1998. This was followed by the second Chechen war, the Dagestan war, on August 7, 1999. The war was dominated by retaliatory air strikes that killed many civilians. The Russian forces reconquered Grozny and therefore the Ichkerian regime fell to pieces. Since then Chechnya has become a Russian federal subject.
Current state of affairs in Chechnya
Currently, Chechnya is a stable federal republic. However, the economy has not been promising. In fact, in 2006, the unemployment rate in Chechnya was a whopping 67%. But the percentage was reduced to 21.5% in 2014. Currently, the country engages in oil production as an economic activity. Grozny, which was destroyed during the Chechen wars, has been renovated. Chechnya also continues to enjoy the representation of the Council of the Russian Federation. They send two representatives to each meeting called by the council.
The current head of Chechnya, named Russian, is called Ramzan Kadyrov. His regime has been in the spotlight both nationally and internationally for media suppression and human rights abuses such as torture and kidnapping. The state is still experiencing minimal separatist movements in the form of guerrilla attacks organized by separatist groups. There are also jihadist groups in Chechnya, some of which are linked to the Islamic terrorist organization. Chechnya is still trying to achieve its independence and therefore continually engages in wars to free itself.