Hockey is a team sport with three variants in which two opposing teams can have 6 players each (11 players each in the case of field hockey or broadband). Players use a wooden wand with a curved end or a long pole with a long blade like a blade at the end to move a ball or a disc around the playing area. At each end, the net is guarded by a goalkeeper. The three hockey versions are field, bandy and ice hockey. Ice hockey and bandy are played on ice, but field hockey is played on a lawn or on a special course. The use of sticks and ice hockey sticks with the longest slasher blades to move the ball and the puck respectively and their players wear protective clothing and skates.
In its modern form, hockey has evolved over the centuries from various ancient forms. A book called The Origin of Hockey written by Swedish sports historians Carl Giden and Patrick Houda, and Canadian Jean Patrice Martel gives a chronology of the events of how ice hockey and especially ice hockey started. The chronology is restricted to three countries: Scotland, Ireland and the United States.
Historical ice hockey history
Winter of 1607-08
The first form of ice hockey began in the winter of 1607-08 in Scotland. The first form of hockey played here was dubbed and played on ice. An account of this brilliant version of ice hockey was written by David Calderwood, a Scottish historian and theologian. Then it was called chamiare or chamie, another word for shinty, in the Scottish National Dictionary.
In 1740, the Irish minister Reverend John O’Rourke wrote passages in a newspaper. The passages alluded to a form of ice hockey that was played on top of the frozen river of Shannon, where a sheep roast was launched in early January. The game was then named informally with a match and the crowds who watched it seemed to be enjoying themselves.
1745 to 1809
In 1836, Scottish journalist and historian George Penny wrote an account of his father’s narrative on how the shinty was played between 1745 and 1809 on the streets or on ice by boys sometimes competitively.
In the publisher 1846 Alexander Slidell Mackenzie published an anecdote narrated to him by Admiral Charles Stewart, about how in the late 1780s the boys brushed skates on a glass surface in Philadelphia while throwing an object.
1783 to 1791
In 1849 a publication by William Alexander Duer covered years 1783 to 1791 in New York. He told how they filled both areas around Collect Pond Park and Broadway when it was covered by ice skaters.
1796 to 1797
In 1797, Joseph Le Petit Jr, a London publisher, published a photo of Benedictus Antonio Van Assen showing two boys on skates holding sticks with a disk on the frozen ground. The setting was at Isleworth Ait an island on the Thames. The image was believed to show a winter scene in December 1796.
The book On the origin of hockey references events in 1803 at Paisley in Scotland. Two teenagers were playing an initial version of this nicknamed shinty on the ice, and drowned after the ice gave way.
Although Canada is more commonly associated with ice hockey and its professionalism, the sport gained popularity in the country around 1872. It was then that the engineer James Creighton of Nova Scotia moved to Montreal and in 1875, there began the public performance organized for ice hockey.