The Falklands War was a conflict between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, both British overseas territories in the South Atlantic. The war lasted ten weeks and began in April 2, 1982 when Argentina invaded and first occupied the island of the Falklands and finally the island of South Sandwich in an attempt to establish an authority. The conflict lasted 74 days and was an important episode in the battle for territorial sovereignty. The clash had a strong impact on relations between Argentina and the United Kingdom and was the subject of various books, films and publications.
Guide to the Falklands War
Argentina had suffered a devastating economic stagnation in the period leading up to the Falklands War. He was also tormented by civil unrest against the military junta that had formed what was known as a provisional government within the country. In 1981, there was a regime change in Argentina with the arrival of a new council led by Leopoldo Galtieri and Admiral Jorge Anaya. Argentina was in conflict with the United Kingdom on the islands for quite some time. Anaya, after taking office, supported a military solution to the longstanding conflict. The new junta was hoping to mobilize the country behind the conflict with the United Kingdom and in the process to divert the public attention from the country’s chronic economic challenges and the regime’s continuing violations of human rights. The conflict between the United Kingdom and Argentina increased in March 19, 1982, when a group of scrap merchants hosted the Argentine flag on South George Island. This act was seen as the first offensive to the war with a group of Royal Navy sent to the island in response to the invasion of South George by the Argentine forces on April 3, 1982.
The Argentine invasion of the islands
The Argentine military junta suspected that the United Kingdom would strengthen its southern Atlantic forces after the invasion of South George. The military junta ordered that the Falklands invasion be carried out immediately. In April 2, 1982, the Argentines made a major landing off the Falkland Islands with the invasion met with the least resistance from the island’s governor. When the news of the Falklands invasion reached the British, the British conducted a series of military operations to reconquer the Falklands from Argentina. The British set up a war cabinet in April 6, 1982, to provide supervision of the conflict as a means of crisis management. The United Kingdom has drafted a resolution to the Security Council of the UN in April 3, 1982, condemning the hostility and calling for an immediate Argentine withdrawal from the island. The United States supported British forces by supplying them with war equipment while the Falklands War progressed. With time, the reconquest of the island was hard. However, the British resumed South Sandwich Island on June 20, 1982, agreeing to deliver the southern Thule.
Falklands War Casualties and Aftermath
A total of 907 people were killed during the 74-day war with Argentina registering the biggest losses. 649 The Argentines were killed while the 255 military and 3 Falkland civilians were killed. The war has brought many consequences in both countries, in addition to the large number of victims. Margaret Thatcher’s popularity increased due to the UK’s victory in the war. The inhabitants of the islands were granted full British citizenship with their lifestyle improved by the investments made by the British on the islands.