What Is Udihe language

The Udihe Language (also known as Udege , Udekhe or Udeghe ) is the language spoken by Udiges , inhabitants of the regions of krais of Khabarovsk and the coast in Russia . It is one of the Tungus languages .

Vocabulary

Udihe contains a large number of root words very similar to those of the Nanai language , which replaced the older Udihe vocabulary:

  • [banixe] (thanks), from Nanai [banixa], instead of Udege [usasa]
  • [dœlbo](work), from Nanai [dœbo] , instead of Udege [etete]
  • [daŋsa](book), from Nanai [daŋsa] , which in turn was imported from Mandarin檔 子 ( Pinyin : dāngzi ), which means “file”.

In general, there is a great degree of mutual assimilation of the two languages ​​in the Bikin region . Udihe, moreover, exercised a philosophical influence on the Nanai dialect of Bikin, including monotonguization of diphthongs, denazalization of nasal vowels , elimination of the reduction of final vowels, epenthesis avoiding words ending in consonant, and elimination of intervocalic [w]. [ 1 ]

Spelling

The alphabet used between 1931 and 1937 was:

A a Ā ā B в Є є D d Ӡ ӡ And is And is
Æ æ F f G g H h I i Ī ī J j K k
L l M m N n Ņ ņ Ŋ ŋ O o Ō ō Ө ө
P p R r S s T t U u Ū ū W w X x
Y y Z z

Phonology

Vowels

Previous Central Later
Closed i iː y yː u uː
Medial ø ːː ə əː o oː
Open æ æː a aː

Consonants [ edit | edit source code ]

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Plosiva voiceless P t k
Fortis B d ɡ
Fricative s x
Africada Tenuis have
Fortis d͡z ~ z
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Net l
Approx. w j

/ z / is a / d͡z / allophone. [ 2 ]

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