Data and Information are very similar to each other. We use them a lot. Sometimes we use them for each other.But it all depends on the context of what you say, what is the meaning of the corresponding word. However, there is a huge difference between the two.
Difference between data and information
Data is the lowest abstract or roughest form of bits. This is nothing more than the simplest form of unchanged, untouched bits. This can also be called a fact . It’s great to note that the data doesn’t make sense. For example, we can consider any random number, such as 423876 , as data.
Whereas, on the other hand, information is processed data. This means that information is data with meaning. For example, 110011 is a random number, but when it is processed as a pin, it is converted to information.
When it comes to data again, it can never motivate other people to provide an answer. This is because it is still pointless.
Information, on the other hand, can stimulate other people to respond. When you say, “I spend 40 minutes every day doing yoga.” Now, in response to this, you can always talk about your habits. Therefore, information can provide the answer, but data never.
In addition, new data is constantly emerging and changing. Hence, it continues to change the information that we have. Therefore, if we do not update the information based on the constant input we receive, it can be proven that the information we have is incorrect.
This random data comes from recordings or observations made for a specific subject. Finally, this data is processed and converted into information. In order to transform this data into information, a person must manually check and record all the data and obtain meaningful information.
For example, in a grocery store, a manager tracks the sales of various products throughout the week. He can see beer sales increase on Friday, Saturday and Sunday. This gives him the information that he should keep stock at full on weekends or on Friday, Saturday and Sunday of each week.
So, to summarize, here are the key points that highlight the difference between data and information:
- Data is the lowest and most raw level of knowledge. Whereas information is the second level, above knowledge data is processed data.
- The data is insignificant, but on the other hand, the information is significant.
- Observations and recordings are made to obtain data, and analysis is necessary to obtain information.