Social inclusion is the set of actions that guarantees equal participation of all in society , regardless of social class, physical condition, education, gender, sexual orientation, ethnicity, among other aspects.
Before social inclusion measures are formulated and applied, it is necessary to observe which groups are excluded and what needs to be improved so that they can be fully inserted into society.
For example, disabled people (especially wheelchair users) need public sidewalks to be in good condition and to have ramps. Otherwise, these people will no longer feel represented in the very society in which they live, as their needs are simply ignored.
Building ramps that facilitate the access of disabled people to sidewalks becomes an example of social inclusion , as it consists of a measure that aims to promote the harmonious integration of a group, at first marginalized, into society.
Social inclusion in schools
Also called school inclusion , it consists of inclusive actions taken within the scope of an educational institution, a space that must be an essential part of the formation of the human being as a citizen.
Social inclusion in schools aims to eliminate prejudice and discrimination, regardless of the type (ethnic, disabled, gender, sexual orientation, etc.).
Learn more about school inclusion.
Social inclusion in Brazil
Brazil witnesses great social inequalities and, consequently, the exclusion of different groups from their basic rights as citizens.
To help alleviate these cases, some welfare policies were created as a way of social inclusion, such as Bolsa Família, Fome Zero, Minha Casa Minha Vida, among other government programs.
Laws that guarantee the rights of groups traditionally marginalized by society, such as the LGBT community, blacks and women, for example, are also examples of actions aimed at social inclusion.