The Risperidone is used in the treatment of manic depression symptoms associated with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. It is also used to relieve irritability in children with autism .
What is Risperidone?
Risperidone is an antipsychotic . It works by altering the functioning of some neurotransmitters in the brain .
How is Risperidone taken?
The administration of Risperidone can take place by intramuscular injections , or orally .
Side effects of Risperidone
In the elderly with senile dementia , Risperidone can increase the risk of death in the elderly . It can also increase sensitivity to heat and cold.
Its potential side effects include:
- tremors, tics or uncontrollable muscle movements
- agitation, anxiety, restlessness
- dry mouth, stomach discomfort, constipation
- weight gain
- dizziness , drowsiness, feeling tired
- pain in arms or legs
A doctor should be contacted immediately in the presence of:
- uncontrolled movements of the face
- swelling or sensitivity of the breasts, nipple loss, impotence, reduced sex drive, absence of the menstrual cycle
- muscle stiffness, high fever, sweating, confusion, fast or irregular heartbeat, tremors, feeling faint
- low white blood cells
- breathing difficulties
- feeling of tightness in the chest
- swelling of the mouth, face, lips , throat or tongue
- low platelets
- painful erection or lasting more than 4 hours
Contraindications and warnings on the use of Risperidone
Breastfeeding should not be practiced during Risperidone treatment, and for all 12 weeks after stopping treatment. Risperidone is also contraindicated during the last trimester of pregnancy.
Before starting Risperidone therapy, your doctor should immediately be informed of:
- of allergies to the active substance, its excipients, other medicines or foods and various substances;
- of the other medications, herbal medicines and supplements taken , remembering to mention the pressure medications, sleeping medicines, narcotic pain relievers, muscle relaxants and medicines for anxiety, depression or convulsions;
- if you have suffered or still suffer from heart disease, high blood pressure, heart rhythm abnormalities, coronary heart disease, diabetes, low white blood cells, liver or kidney disease, convulsions, breast cancer, low bone density, difficulty swallowing and Parkinson;
- in case of a recent heart attack ;
- in case of diabetes in the family;
- in case of dehydration;
- if you are pregnant or breastfeeding .
The drug may impair your ability to drive or operate dangerous machinery . It can also cause dizziness when getting up from a lying or sitting position.
L ‘ alcohol intake can intensify some of the side effects of risperidone.