The Metoprolol is a beta-blocker . Its main role is to promote relaxation of blood vessels and decrease heart rate . The end results are an improvement in blood flow and a decrease in pressure.
What is Metoprolol used for?
Metoprolol is administered, also together with other medicines, to treat high blood pressure . It can also be recommended to prevent angina . In all cases it is not a cure, but a therapy that works together to keep the disorder under control.
Metoprolol is also used in the improvement of survival after a heart attack, in the therapy of irregular heartbeat, of movement disorders related to the intake of psychiatric drugs and in the prevention of migraine.
How is Metoprolol taken?
Metoprolol is taken orally , in the form of prolonged-release tablets or tablets, with a dosage of 1 or 2 tablets a day to be taken with or immediately after meals. Your doctor may prescribe a low starting dose and then gradually increase it.
The extended release tablets can be cut in half, however they must never be chewed or pulverized.
Side effects of Metoprolol
Among the possible side effects of Metoprolol we can also find:
- unjustified weight gain
- fast, heavy or irregular heart beat
- shortness of breath
- gas or bloating
- swelling of the hands, feet, ankles or calves
- stomach pain
- cold hands and feet
- a runny nose
- rash or itching
- dry mouth
- dizziness or lightheadedness
- He retched
Contraindications and warnings on the use of Metoprolol
Before taking Metoprolol it is essential to warn your doctor:
- in the presence of allergies to the active substance or to Acebutolol, Atenolol, Betaxolol, Bisoprolol, Carvedilol, Esmolol, Labetalol Nadolol, Pindolol, Propranolol, Sotalol, Timolol, to any other drug or to the excipients of Metoprolol;
- of the Drugs, Phytotherapy and supplements taken, mainly if it is Bupropion, Cimetidine, Clonidine, Diphenhydramine, Fluoxetine, Hydroxychloroquine, Paroxetine, Propafenone, Quinidine, Ranitidine, Reserpine, Ritonavir, Terbinafine and Thioridazine;
- if you suffer from bradycardia, heart failure, circulation disorders or pheochromocytoma;
- if you suffer (or have suffered) from asthma or other lung disorders, heart or kidney disease, diabetes, severe allergies or hyperthyroidism ;
- if you are pregnant or breastfeeding .
It is necessary to warn surgeons and dentists of therapy with metoprolol going and remember that alcohol can increase the drowsiness caused by the medicine, which can hinder the ability to drive or operate hazardous machinery.