The Levodopa is the precursor of dopamine neurotransmitter . It works by crossing the blood brain barrier to enter the dopaminergic neurons, where it is quickly converted into dopamine thus compensating for its deficiencies.
What is Levodopa used for?
Levodopa is used in the treatment of Parkinson’s symptoms , post-encephalitic parkinsonism and symptomatic parkinsonism in cases of carbon monoxide or manganese intoxication.
How is Levodopa taken?
Levodopa is usually administered orally in capsule or tablet form. It is usually administered combined with agents that hinder its transformation into Dopamine outside the central nervous system.
Side effects of Levodopa
Among the possible side effects of Levodopa we also find:
- falling asleep
- blurred vision or doubled vision
- increased hand tremors
- pressure increase
- fast, irregular or heavy heart beat
- trouble moving your eyes
- trouble opening your mouth
- swallowing problems
- difficulty or other problems in urination
- pain, sensitivity to touch or swelling of the feet or legs
- prolonged, painful or inappropriate erections
- swelling of the face, feet or calves
- inability or poor coordination skills
- throat pain
- stomach pain
- back or leg pain
- general malaise
- uncontrolled movements of the body
- nausea or vomiting
- dilated pupils
- skin rashes
- copious salivation
- blood in the stool
- eyelid spasms or blinking
- tiredness or weakness
- weight changes
- vomiting with blood or lumpy material
It is essential to contact the doctor if Levodopa therapy is linked to:
- redness of the skin
- sleep problems
- abdominal pain
- decreased appetite
- dry mouth
- excessive sweating
- muscle tics
Contraindications or warnings of Levodopa
Before taking Levodopa it is best to warn the doctor:
- of possible allergies to medicines;
- of the drugs, phytotherapics and supplements taken, specifically mentioning the active ingredients that can interact with Levodopa: Phosphenytoin, Iron Dextran, Isocarboxazide, Methyldopa, Metoclopramide, Paliperidone, Phenelzine, Phenytoin, Tetrabenazine, Tiotixene, Tanylcyclopromine and Zuchasidone.