Infant mortality represents the death of children in their first year of life . This is a situation that affects the whole world, especially the poorest countries.
Among some of the main causes for infant mortality is the lack of basic sanitation, which can cause contamination of water and food, causing innumerable diseases for the newborn.
The precarious conditions of hospitals and the lack of medical assistance for pregnant women and newborns are also reasons for the worsening of infant mortality in some regions. In some parts of the world, such as in some African countries, for example, the main cause of infant mortality is malnutrition , caused as a result of children’s poor nutrition.
On the other hand, developed countries like Japan, Finland and Iceland have the lowest infant mortality on the planet, with an average of 3 deaths per thousand births. Once again, the explanation for these results is in the conditions of basic health, sanitation and education that are correctly offered in these nations.
See also about the meaning of Morbimortality .
Child mortality rate
It consists of a social indicator that shows the number of babies who died before completing one year of life . This analysis is done in comparison to every thousand individuals who are born alive.
This rate is defined taking into account the infant mortality of a specific location (usually a region or country), which is analyzed for a specific period of time (one year, for example).
The World Health Organization (WHO) considers an average of 10 baby deaths for every 1,000 births to be “acceptable”. Numbers higher than this are already considered worrying.
The result of the infant mortality rate reflects the condition and effectiveness of basic public services in that location, such as basic sanitation, the availability of medical services and medicines, education, food, care during maternity, among others.