Ampicillin belongs to the penicillin family . Its mechanism of action is to eliminate bacteria sensitive to its action, interfering with the formation of their wall and causing it to rupture.
What is Ampicillin used for?
It is used to treat infections that are caused by bacteria sensitive to its action.
How is Ampicillin administered?
It is often administered orally , usually in the form of capsules , but also exists in the form of a solution and drops for pediatric use. It should be taken according to the posology indicated by the doctor (generally every six hours, for a total of four intakes a day) at least half an hour before or two hours after eating and drinking a glass of water.
It can also be administered by intramuscular injections or directly into the vein via an IV or catheter.
Side effects of Ampicillin
Among its possible adverse effects of Ampicillin can include:
- stomach problems;
- discharge of diarrhea ;
- mild skin rash ;
It is important to contact a doctor immediately in case of:
- severe skin rash ;
- itching ;
- urticaria ;
- difficulty breathing or swallowing;
- bleeding or bruising;
- headaches ;
- dizziness ;
- seizure symptoms;
- sore throat;
- mouth sores;
- vagina infections;
Warnings on the use of Ampicillin
It should not be taken in case of mononucleosis and if you are being treated with a tetracycline.
Before taking it, it is also important to inform the doctor :
- about the presence of any allergies to the active substance, to its excipients or to other drugs, in particular to penicillins or cephalosporins;
- the use of other medicines, phytotherapy and supplements already taken in the past, remembering to mention in particular the probenecid, allopurinol, anticoagulants, tetracyclines, methotrexate, aminoglycosides and birth control pills.
It is also advisable to inform the doctor if you have taken the oral anti-vaccine vaccine, if you suffer (or have suffered in the past) from diabetes, kidney or liver diseases, allergies, asthma , blood diseases, colitis, disorders stomach, hay fever or pregnant or breastfeeding women.