A calendar call is a pre-trial meeting that a judge has with attorneys in a case to set a date for the trial, as well as to arrange certain pre-trial details. Calendar conversations are facets of the customary system. The customary law system originated in England, and is used in various forms there and in the United States, Canada and Australia, among other countries. The calendar call is an administrative meeting that is supposed to be purely functional. Some attorneys try to exact strategy in calendar call meetings, but by fighting for an early or late trial date, depending on what is perceived as the strength of their client’s case.
Organizing a lawsuit puts a legal case in action, but nothing will happen in a courtroom without certain administrative duties. Most of these happen, or at least begin, in the calendar call. When a court receives legal filings and initiation of a lawsuit, the first court will usually do is assign the case to a judge. That judge then contacts representatives of both the plaintiff and the defendant to schedule a calendar call to fit the case into the judge’s docket.
A trial number is assigned at the meeting and a trial date is set. Lawyers can sometimes negotiate the trial day. Attorneys who have other cases or attempts that may conflict usually get preference in making planning requests.
Sometimes lawyers will try to manipulate the trial date, asking for it either sooner or later as a strategy. A lawyer with a weak case may want more time to build their evidence, while a lawyer who perceives the other SIDEA’s case to be weak may want to move things together faster. Trial date manipulation is usually not allowed, but sometimes happens anyway.
Calendar conversations are perhaps the most important thing in criminal studies. In the common law system, certain rights granted to criminal defendants and the accused, including, in most countries, are entitled to a speedy trial. Quick calendar of a trial date after arrest ensures that criminal defendants are not being held in custody or required to pay bail for longer than a reasonable amount of time. The rights of the accused are usually taken seriously and can be the basis for damages and sanctions if not properly protected.
Calendar calls are the standard procedure for almost any court case, whether it is a full-fledged criminal case or something as small as a traffic hearing. Many smaller cases are heard the same day they are scheduled. In such cases, a judge will usually hold a lot of calendar conversation first thing in the morning, and anyone with a claim or signature campaign will appear in turn to get a trial appointment time.
The way in which calendar conversations are held and the flexibility that can exist in planning varies from court, and even within the courts after judgments. All trials and hearings should be scheduled, but how planning happens is usually a matter of discretion. Similarly, there are always consequences not to comply with the dates and requirements set for a calendar meeting, but the details of what these consequences are vary.
- A judge will contact representatives of both the plaintiff and the defendant to schedule a calendar call.