A community of bedrooms, also known as a commuter city, is a name derived from Canada and the use of the northeastern United States. It is commonly known as a city whose residents normally work in a city other than the one in which they live. In this regard, residents in such a city perform their income-generating activities elsewhere, but eat, sleep and live in these neighborhoods. It is important to note that the bedroom community usually exhibits little or no commercial and industrial activity. Most of what happens here is a limited amount of locally oriented retail businesses.
Difference between a bedroom and a suburb
A commuter city is similar to a university or tourist city as it provides a definition of the predominant function of the given municipality in the economy. Many times, suburbs and cities of commuters are observed in coincidence, however they are not closely associated. This is mainly due to the fact that a suburb is a community of significantly smaller size, density and political power. Looking at it from this point, commercial activities taking place in a suburb compared to a community of bedrooms are usually of great importance.
Over the years, it has been shown that the economic function of a city is destined to change. An example of this is when transport improvement assembles commuters in industrial suburbs. Some cities remained industrial when they were surrounded by commuter cities, which means that most commuters work in such industrial suburbs but few reside there. In this case, these industrial cities cannot be called bedroom communities.
The bedroom communities can be found in rural or semi-rural areas where a strip of green space separates them from the city or the largest city. However, in the event that urban sprawl and urban sprawl have eliminated vivid lines between cities and large metropolitan areas, this is not observed. These communities usually have a small number of local businesses and most residents have a day job or night shift that moves to their work points far away.
Factors that contribute to the development of bedrooms
Bedroom communities occur due to a variety of reasons. First, a city could lose its main source of employment, leaving residents with the only chance of finding work elsewhere. Secondly, a small city that is hospitable in nature can attract more residents over time and, as businesses do not use them, residents can move to other areas of employment. Third, the rapid growth of once smaller cities is a key factor in the development of bedroom communities. This is why many small cities are absorbed in the suburbs of big cities most likely due to the development of a new transport network.