The pressure of the ulcer is a wound in the skin. They are caused by the fact that almost all the time it is confined to a bed or wheelchair. They are sometimes called pressure ulcers or pressure ulcers. Wounds, change the appearance of more than 4 levels. Wounds appear red at 1st stage. Up to level 4 (the most serious) they have deep and open. At this stage, you can see your muscles, bones, tendons, and joints.
Wounds tend to develop on bony parts of the body. These are low-fat places. Wounds to the heels and hips. Other areas include the bases of the spine (coccyx), the shoulder blades, the back, and the sides of the knees and neck. Most likely to get bedsores if you are paralyzed, or use a stroller. This is common among people who spend most of their time in bed. An example of this is the health establishment.
Pressure sores can develop even if you are in captivity for a short period of time. These include people who must remain in bed or in a wheelchair due to illness or injury. Chronic diseases make pressure ulcers difficult to treat. These include diabetes and hardening of the arteries.
What Causes Pressure Ulcers?
Pressure ulcers caused by too long a seat or lying in one position. Level 1s can occur in the same place, in less than 2 hours. This puts pressure on certain parts of the body. It reduces the blood supply to the skin and the tissues under the skin. If you don’t change your position often, your blood flow decreases. The wound will develop.
How are pressure ulcers diagnosed?
The doctor will perform a physical exam. He or she will inspect the wounds. Your doctor will also look at the volume, depth, and view of the wound. He or she will look for blood or fluid from the wound. The doctor will check your wound for an unpleasant odor. He or she will also look for additional injuries.
The doctor will ask you questions about your medical history. Some tests can also help. These tests may include blood tests. Your doctor or nurse injects a small needle into your veins and sends a small blood sample to the lab. The next test will take a tissue sample from the wound. This is done through scratches or cuts from wounds. The samples will be sent to the laboratory.
Is it possible to prevent or avoid pressure points?
The best way to prevent pressure sores is to spend a lot of time in a chair or bed. If you can’t turn and move, contact the raccoons for help. Plan ahead for the next operation. When you get home, this person should help you get around.
Keep the skin healthy. This includes keeping the skin clean and dry. Mild soap and warm water can help. Do not use hot water. Often apply lotion to the skin. If you want to spend a lot of time in bed or in a wheelchair, check your entire body every day. Look for spots, blemishes, or other signs of wounds. You should pay attention to pressure points, where wounds are most likely to appear.
If you smoke, stop. Smoking increases the risk of pressure ulcers. Exercise improves blood circulation. Strengthen muscles and improve general health. Talk to your doctor if physical activity is difficult. He or she can offer certain exercises. Your doctor can seek help from a physical therapist.
Wound Pressure, Treatment
Treatment depends on the severity of the infection. If the wound is infected, you can put an antibiotic cream on the area. If the bones or tissues are more deeply infected, you may need antibiotics in or by injection (shot or IV).
Other things that can help, including:
Use foam or pillow to take pressure off the wound. Special mattresses, mattresses, styrofoam wedges, or seat cushions will help you in bed or in the chair. This reduces the pressure. Avoid leaning directly on your thigh when lying on your side.
Use pillows under one side so that your weight is on the fatty part of your buttocks rather than on your hips. Use pillows to keep your knees and ankles away from yourself. When lying on your back, place the pillow under your lower calf to slightly lift the cubes off the bed. When you are lying in bed, change your position at least every 2 hours.
If you are sitting in a wheelchair or wheelchair, sit on the back. This allows them to move more easily and prevent further injury. Change of position every 15 minutes sitting. If you can’t move on your own, ask your mentor to help move your position.
Correct Your Diet. Helps in wound healing
Hygiene maintenance. Stage 1 wound can be cleaned with soap and water. 2 stages of cleaning the wound with a solution of water and salt. Salt water receives a packet of liquid and loose material. Your doctor or nurse can show you how to clean your level 1 and 2 wound. Your doctor or nurse may need to clean stages 3 and 4 of pressure ulcers because of their severity.
Life with pressure ulcers
Living with pressure ulcers requires that the plan move and turn frequently. Good hygiene will always be necessary. Pressure sites should be covered with bandage or bandage. Sometimes they use gases. The gauze should be changed once a day. The new materials are the film and the hydrocolloid bandage. The hydrocolloid bandage is a gel bandage. It forms for wound pressure and promotes skin healing and growth. These bands can remain for several days at a time.
Dead tissue in the wound can make healing difficult and lead to infection. Dead tissue looks like rope. To remove dead tissue, rinse the wound each time you need to change the dressing. Special bandages can help the body dissolve dead tissue on its own. The bandage should be left in place for several days. Another way to remove dead tissue is to apply wet bandages to wounds. Let them dry. Dead tissue adheres to the gauze until it is removed. For areas of heavy pressure, dead tissue must be surgically removed by a physician.
Removing dead tissue and cleaning the wound can be damaging. Your doctor may offer a pain reliever. Take it 30 to 60 minutes before changing the dressing.
Good nutrition helps wounds heal. Too many calories and protein prevent healing. Nutrients are important too. These include vitamin C and zinc. A doctor, nurse, or dietitian can give you advice on a healthy diet. Tell your doctor if you have recently lost or gained weight.
When the wound heals, it becomes smaller. Less liquid comes out. New, healthy tissue begins to grow at the bottom of the wound. This new fabric is bright red or pink. It looks bulky and shiny. Treatment can last 2 to 4 weeks before you see signs of healing.