Walker. It is a rigid circular structure into which the baby is introduced. The upper part is narrow enough for the child to find a secure support while the base is wider to facilitate the movement of the feet. They are equivalent in height to the child’s chest so that they can lean on, grab, or push to take their first steps. They are made of wood or metal and have wheels at their base to enable movement.
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- 1 History
- 2 Advantages and disadvantages
- 3 Types of walkers
- 1 Walker for disability
- 2 Walkers for the elderly
- 3 Articulated walker
- 4 Sources
The walkers are represented in some works of art from the 14th and 15th centuries, among which are the book of hours by Catherine de Cleves. The most common walker consisted of a wooden frame with a top ring and several wheels at its base, which was used both to teach children to walk and to force them to exercise. Several of these specimens are preserved in museums and historical houses. Juan Pantoja de la Cruz portrayed the future Felipe IV on a walker in 1607 . Rembrandt drew a child inserted into a walker in 1646 .
Advantages and disadvantages
It is one of the most used items to help children to walk, but it has been proven that its action is not so favorable in this process. Furthermore, its use requires constant adult supervision to avoid serious accidents .
The walker is a seat surrounded by a railing attached to a wheeled base. Thus, the child begins to move thanks to the impulse given by the legs. The average age at which parents upload children to this article is ten months, because concerns about starting to walk begin. The walker is a game that allows children to feel free when they are on it. The child is excited and entertained, in addition, he can reach and investigate objects of his world that until now were prohibited.
Some types of walkers bring the possibility of turning the railing into an interactive game table with animal noises, music and lyrics. These are a contribution to the development and stimulation of children.
The child should not be left alone in this appliance, he has no awareness of the danger and a very serious accident can be caused, such as falling from a ladder or overturning. Nor should the child be left all day in the walker, just a few minutes is enough. The walker will not teach the baby to walk faster , it should be seen only as a game.
Types of walkers
A walker is a utensil for disabled people who need help to hold on and balance while walking. It is used to assist walking when one or both lower extremities require additional support during movement, usually when the person suffers from some type of inability to stand upright or to move one of said lower extremities. Generally, walkers are used as a solution to facilitate the walk of the individual when the other systems (canes and crutches) are insufficient to guarantee balance and could not prevent falling on the ground.
Walkers for the elderly
These walkers have a secure grip. They are designed with high resistance metals, therefore they are light. This allows easy handling of the walker. Also, some can be folded and stored in small spaces. The support feet are usually made of rubber, avoiding involuntary slipping with the walker. Other walkers have wheels. This facilitates mobility, although stability and fulcrum are weaker. There are different types of walkers focused on the elderly. These can be fixed. In this case the old man must move the walker using his hands at the same time that he advances using the apparatus. They can also be articulated allowing the elderly person to place himself in the center of the walker and from there to push the walker and walk. These devices have two main advantages: they do not require muscular strength in the elderly and they give him great security due to their great stability. However, it is necessary to take into account the wear of the support feet to change them and the instability caused by uneven terrain.
The articulated walker is a device that allows the user to advance step by step, from the front, to the left and to the right, without having to lift the entire walker when changing the front. It is designed in an articulated way and allows movements to be smooth and regulated.In addition, this type of walkers allows height adjustment and is foldable.