The environment that surrounds humanity is made up of vital and essential elements for ecological balance such as living and non-living beings that develop and inhabit a certain place. That is, all beings and organisms need a certain habitat that allows them to interact and interact with each other.
That particular habitat is what is called an ecosystem. It is a system as a physical medium and place where a set of organisms or living beings cohabit. That is, the community composed of physical and biological factors such as plants, animals, bacteria, fungi, protists, microorganisms, humidity, temperature, light, wind, among other elements that form the environment.
In recent times the ecosystems of biological diversity are being destroyed, altered, modified and impacted by human activities on these habitats and spaces that support the variety and quantity of species on the planet.
There are two types of ecosystems: aquatic ecosystem, consisting of ocean and continental waters and the terrestrial ecosystem, consisting of forests, rainforests, scrublands, grasslands, tundra, desert, among others, where plants and animals develop in floors.
Among the main services provided by ecosystems as benefits to humans are:
- Seed dispersal
- Primary production
- Climate regulation
- Waste decomposition
- Crop pollination
- Carbon capture
- Scientific discovery
- Water and air purification.
In that sense, ecosystems play a fundamental role for the natural balance on the planet, being a habitat for biodiversity and other natural resources for human use. These same, self-regulate the planet through the plants that retain carbon to purify the air that is breathed.
Man has generated an environmental problem such as the destruction of ecosystems through the exploitation and irrational use of all its natural resources, causing the loss of biological diversity as an ecological balance in the earth. These habitats are intervened and altered by agricultural, agricultural, industrial, mining, urban development, deforestation, forest fires, pollution, among many other impacts on these natural systems.
The conservation and maintenance of all ecosystems by humanity is vital support for animals and plants that provide great services and benefits for the development of man. The importance of this natural system is in the organisms that interact with each other, to guarantee the balance of the global ecosystem and the existence on the planet.