Phytosanitary products are products or substances used in agriculture and in their protection, these products fall within the range of items that eliminate organisms of animal origin or of plant origin that damage the crop.
The most current products are growth regulators and pheromones , this allows a good development and protection of the products, whether for industrial or food destinations.
Insects, mites, or diseases; etc., that attacks the crops, the phytosanitary products will protect the agriculture of great losses. If these crops are not protected, whether cereals, fruits or vegetables will be reduced by half.
This product has been conceptualized as a substance of several components created with the purpose of eliminating any insect, bacterium or rodent that is against public health and is threatening the crop that is for commercial use; These products are pesticides, or those that are responsible for regulating crop growth.
To obtain good crops, phytosanitary products are essential for proper and healthy agricultural production. More than 6.3 billion dollars have been invested each year, with the objective of creating new phytosanitary products that are effective, and beneficial for both human and environmental consumption.
Classification according to their origin of phytosanitary products
They are classified according to their synthetic or biological origin, according to crop that is being protected, or pest to be controlled.
Phytosanitary Products according to scope
- Phytosanitary:used for pests and sanitation, to counteract weeds and unwanted organisms in areas that have not been planted.
- Livestock use:for animal use.
- For use in the food industry: everything that has to do with food and its treatments.
- For environmental use: this product is used for disinfection, in means of transport, business, etc.
- For personal hygiene: personal use products.
Phytosanitary Products according to their affinity
- Insecticides: these products fight insects.
- Herbicides: Itis used to monitor and control weeds, which grow alongside the crop.
- Nematicides: eliminate nematodes, and others against insects, pests or soil diseases.
- Fungicides: they fight the fungus.
- Bacterisides:fight against bacteria.
- Molluscicides:to eliminate slugs and snails
- Rodenticides:fight rodents.
Consequences derived from the use of phytosanitary products in crops
Excessive use of these products can have an impact on the ecosystem, which can reduce biodiversity, these phytosanitary products if combined with other products are fertilizers, can cause a decrease in the nutrients of the ecosystem, likewise, if it is unknown in Detail the correct methods, such as the application of pesticides, can cause damage to the health of those who handle the product incorrectly. This can happen if you are not properly instructed who should do the job.
Diseases and sequelae, such as genetic alterations, cancer, reproduction, and death, are also among the most serious effects due to improper handling of the product , serious, mild or fatal clinical conditions may occur; As for the first stage, it is difficult to have a fast and safe diagnosis of intoxication.
If not used correctly, this phytosanitary product combined with the above, poisoning can occur in the final production food, causing minor or serious damage to the consumer if the product is not used in correct quantities.
The acute symptoms that may occur are: Dermatological, neurological, ocular, cardio respiratory, digestive, acute allergic reactions, spontaneous gestational abortions, among other not very specific symptoms; its symptomatology, intensity, the consequences in the central and peripheral respiratory system are present, certain pesticides can produce lesions in the mucous membranes and skin penetrating the organism, and their effects can be conjunctivitis, bronchitis, burns, among others, the internal organs They can be intoxicated especially liver and kidneys.
As we see the consequences can be from mild to severe, to know the damages that these phytosanitary products can generate , you should read the recommendations and keep in mind the future damages that these products may cause. Use them wisely and give proper use, it is necessary not to affect health.
Use phytosanitary products correctly
These products have been scientifically tested before being used for employment in agriculture, so that no type of altercation occurs due to misuse or handling, any person handling phytosanitary products must be properly and strictly trained, always following the Product recommendations and instructions.
- The first thing is to read and understand the indications expressed on the labels.
- Having your equipment in excellent condition.
- Maintain good personal hygiene.
- Wear water repellent apron.
- Wear neoprene gloves, tear resistant, and protect the forearm.
- Sturdy rubber boots.
- Head and face protector.
- Acetate lenses.
- The product must be used with water before use to detect any leakage.
- Calibrate or keep track of the amount of pesticide to use.
- Be aware that there are no children nearby.
- In order not to spray yourself, apply or spray the pesticide back to the wind.
- Find the source of the problem you want to control.
- Apply looking for the source of the problem that you want to control.
As long as these products do not risk public health, the state will allow commercialization, and only phytosanitary products that are useful for pests. The safe handling of the phytosanitary ware implies the safe and adequate use from the moment it is created until its use, providing clear indications for its use and precaution.
Active substances in phytosanitary products
The majority are dangerous products for the human being, then, according to the labeling and packaging the following active substances in these phytosanitary products are.
- Paraffin oil: insecticide
- Sulfur: acaricidal fungicide
- Betaciflutrin: insecticide
- Dimethoate: insecticide, acaricide
- Methyl thiophanate; fungicide
- Tau-fluvalinate: tau-fluvalinate
The phytosanitary products that are commercialized are mixed with many active substances and ingredients and these fulfill the function of pesticides.