Types of supply chain

The term supply chain refers to the process necessary for the management of a product catalog from the point of view of its preparation or delivery to the consumer. The potential for success of a trade depends largely on the perfect management of this chain. This theoretical concept can acquire different formulas in practice. Next, we describe some of the most frequent.


Strategic supply chain

It is that model that focuses on making decisions about the type of technique applied to this purpose, the agreement with the suppliers or the location of each product within the warehouse.

Tactical supply chain

This view is based on the basis that the structure is already determined, however, choices must be made regarding the management of resources and means through a road map.

Sensitive Supply Chain

Change is a constant within the business world, and it is not easy for businesses to deal with these variables when it comes to giving an effective response to the increase in the volume of orders or their decline. This type of supply chain provides this flexibility that encourages the empowerment of the organization to maximize the benefit, offering, in turn, effective customer service.



Shared Supply Chain

In a process of these characteristics, different agents are involved. Each has its own competences and tasks, however, the final result is only possible based on the perfect synchronization of individual and group objectives. This type of structure shows this essence in which the different participants of the chain have the opportunity to consult the information stored around this topic, because these data also determine which are the most successful actions.

It is a model that allows you to balance independence in your own work with the positive evolution of the system that your members make up.

Traditional supply chain

In contrast to the previous point we can observe the nature of this way of working conditioned by individuality in decision making. This lack of sharing of data related to this matter means that a company does not increase its full potential in the face of errors that may be made as a result of this way of proceeding.

Communication problems due to the lack of transparency in the data can materialize in the structure of the company in all departments. This traditional model is an example of this.

Synchronized Supply Chain

If the changes are constant in the company, the data varies inevitably. This type of chain takes this reality into consideration in order to create a system in which the main actors can exchange feedback in an updated way.

What is the most effective type of supply chain for a business? It is convenient to list the advantages and disadvantages of each of these options to choose the one that offers a better response to the specific case based on its essential characteristics.


by Abdullah Sam
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