We are talking about Types of Self Esteem.Self- esteem is the self-concept or perception that a person has of himself. It is a development that begins to form in childhood and continues throughout life. This self-concept is modified or altered based on personal experiences and the environment in which the person grows and develops.
Who am I, what am I like, what is my body like, what things do I like, how is my performance at work or in social relationships; the answers that a person gives to all these questions form the image that he has of himself.
Types of self-esteem
Self-esteem is related to concepts such as self-worth and self-confidence. It is commonly divided between high and low.
- A person with high self-esteem is one who has confidence and a high sense of value for himself. She has willpower and feels motivated and enthusiastic. Develops a compassionate, realistic and respectful look towards yourself and others. For example: a teenager who is encouraged to show a song he composed.
- A person with low self-esteem is one who finds it difficult to value and recognize the characteristics that differentiate them from others. She has a negative inner discourse, little self-confidence. For example: a girl who does not play volleyball with her classmates for fear of doing it wrong.
The formation of self-esteem has its foundations in early childhood (influenced by parents and the family environment). Throughout his life, the person can work on his thoughts, attitudes and prejudices to improve his assessment of himself.
Both types of self-esteem can be directed at some specific attributes of the person or towards the person in general. For example: A child may feel uncomfortable every time he has to solve a math problem because he does not feel fit, but he can show great self-confidence when interacting with his peers.
- It can serve you: Examples of strengths and weaknesses
Characteristics of the person with high self-esteem
- Explore its full potential.
- You have confidence when setting goals and try to achieve them.
- Create an environment of affection and support around him.
- Build ties of respect and empathy with yourself and with others.
- It develops: self-knowledge (I know who I am), acceptance (I accept myself as I am), improvement (I try to improve what I am), authenticity (I show and share what I am).
- It has a careful emotional balance .
- Know the limits and weaknesses and live with them.
- Trust your own judgment when deciding and acting.
- It is recognized in equal dignity as other people.
- Recognize the differences and diversity of abilities, personalities and talents.
Characteristics of the person with low self-esteem
- She manifests a lack of compassion for herself.
- He tends to compare himself to others.
- Seek the approval of other people.
- You feel insecure with your appearance or personal abilities.
- You can tend to isolation, suffering from social phobias or experiencing a feeling of emptiness and misunderstanding.
- Her low self-esteem may have its causes in a failure to fulfill the expectations that her parents had towards her.
- It leads to emotional and psychic disorders.
- He cannot admire his talents or harmoniously coexist with his weaknesses .
- Your low self-esteem may be rooted in the negative influence of other people or traumatic experiences.
- You can work looking for motivations and giving importance to self-worth to improve your self-esteem.
Self-esteem and adolescence
Self-esteem is a concept of psychology. It has been included by the psychologist Abraham Maslow within his pyramid (psychological theory of human needs ) as a basic human need necessary for his motivation, to know himself and to improve himself.
Adolescence is the period of changes in which one passes from childhood to adulthood. There is a discovery of identity (psychological, sexual, interests). At this stage, new emotions, stimuli are sought, the field of relationships is expanded and the image itself is consolidated. It is a stage where the adolescent knows himself, learns to respect himself and strengthens his self-confidence.
- It can serve you: Stages of human development
Examples of high self-esteem
- A teacher who encourages student participation in class.
- A woman who runs her own business.
- A loving person and interested in the good of others
- A teenager who manages to recover after the loss of a loved one.
- An employee who admits to his boss that he was wrong, but wants to try again.
- A teenager who learns to play a new instrument and is confident he can do it.
- A young man who is encouraged to call the girl from the class he likes.
- A person who rejoices in the achievements of others.
- A boy who is excited about being a firefighter in the future.
Examples of low self-esteem
- A child with social phobias.
- A man with severe depression that leads him to substance abuse to self-harm.
- A student who does not participate in class for fear of saying something wrong.
- A woman who feels insecure with her body.
- A teenager who clings to a violent partner who does not value her.
- A person with anxiety disorders.
- A teenager who needs the support of his parents to give his opinion.
- A woman who blames her children for her marriage.
- A person with frequent feelings of guilt, worthlessness and helplessness.