Palm trees are a type of plant that is very easy to grow and maintain. They bring an exotic touch to the garden and, although they are native to a tropical climate, they can also be adapted to cold climates.
It is estimated that there are more than 3000 species of palm trees distributed throughout the world. They are usually arranged in tropical and subtropical climates. However, there are also some types of palm trees that withstand the cold very well, even to frost.
Three good examples of this are the Trachycarpus Fortunei (which holds up to -15ºC), the Nannorhops Ritchiana (which can hold up to -20ºC), or the Raphydophyllum hystrix (holding up to -23ºC).
So you can learn more about palm trees, in the following lines we will see the main types of palm trees in the world .
Meet the different varieties of palm trees
They are palm trees that are characterized by presenting a type of elongated leaf, composed of smaller leaves that are called leaflets . These leaves emerge from the center of the palm and also have an elongated shape.
The most common species within this classification are the Phoenix Dactylfera palm (date palm), or the Canariensis Phoenix palm tree . These types of palm trees can be found in virtually any part and garden of the different regions of the world.
As a curiosity, there is a palm tree that falls within this classification and that is also well known (especially for the fruit it gives), although this cannot be found in Spain. Yes, we are talking about the coconut palm “Cocos Nuficera”.
These other varieties of palm trees differ from the previous ones basically by the leaves. In this case they present a fan shape; the leaflets are also elongated and emerge from the same point on the stem of the leaves.
They are widely used in gardening, especially because they are very easy to maintain and because the problems that can occur during their growth are minimal.
We highlight these three types of palm trees within this classification:
- Palm Washingtonia:It is a type of robust palm, very resistant even to the most extreme atmospheric changes. As a curiosity, gardening is known as a dressed palm tree . This has its raison d’etre; and it is that, at the moment in which their lower palms are dried, unlike what happens with other palm trees, they do not come off, but they will hang, creating a very interesting visual spectacle.
- Excelsa palm( Trachcarpus Fortunei ): For its part, the Excelsa palm is characterized by its wide resistance to extreme cold. It is usually planted in those places where the weather is so cold that frosts can occur regularly.
- Palmito( Chamaerops humilis ): Another type of palm tree very common. It is very curious, since it is considered the only native palm of geographic Europe. If you analyze in detail the rest of palm trees, you will discover that they were introduced.
Other types of palm tree
Typically, palm types should be classified into the two types of classifications we have seen before … but there are certain exceptions.
For example, we have dwarf palm trees , those that we can even have at home, since they can be grown in pots. An example of this is the Australian Palm with scientific name Livistona Rotundifolia . This palm is able to hold indoors, or outdoors, so it is very versatile.
We also want to talk about the cyca , known to many as the fake palm tree . And, as we discover thanks to its name, it is not a palm tree. The confusion is that in appearance it is.
List of palm trees that we can find in Spain
The types of palm trees that we can find in Spain are the Palmito , the Canary Palm ( Phoenix Canariensis), the Datilera ( Phoenix Dacylifera ), the elevated Palmito ( Trachucarpus Fortunei ), the Washingtonia Filifera and the Washingtonia robusta . Although it is true that we can also find other types, these are the most common.
Thanks to this complete guide on the different varieties of palm trees , from now on it will be much easier to identify them, in addition to knowing the main characteristics associated with each of them.