Types of Neurosis from the work of Freud and nineteenth century psychiatrists emerged the following classification of neuroses:
A disorder wherein the patient’s conflict leads to physical symptoms like paralysis
and loss of sensitivity (anesthesia).
A loose category, comprising phobias such as fear of high places or closed places,
obsessions, and compulsions like kleptomania (compulsive stealing) or pyromania (compulsive fire setting).
Abnormal weakness and fatigue,with numerous aches and pains.
4. Anxiety neurosis.
Chronic worry’; sometimes included under neurasthenia.
Preoccupation with one’s health and body functions. Often included with neurasthenia or anxiety.
How You will define Neurosis: What Are Types of Neurosis
To illustrate neurosis, an interesting case of hysteria described by of the Carnegie Institute of Technology, is presented. A small-town boy with a fairly good voice came to the city to study singing— a move involving financial sacrifices by his mother. Soon he developed a peculiar soreness and stiffness of his throat muscles, which prevented his practicing or singing in public. Study of the case revealed a serious unconscious conflict between the boy’s desire to be a great singer and his fear that he was mediocre, possibly wasting his mother’s money. The sore throat solved the problem. It got him out of his difficulty in a socially acceptable way. As Shaffer says, this ailment excused him from admitting failure; it satisfied him and his mother and society in general. With a throat ailment, he naturally could not sing, and no one would accuse him of being a failure or a quitter.
Guided by the psychologist, the boy eventually saw his musical limitations. He decided that business was a better field for him. Later, when he sang for recreation his throat ailment had disappeared.Shaffer summarizes several mechanisms of adjustment by which both normal and neurotic persons seek to resolve their conflicts. The above case shows adjustment by ailments.
Adjustment by defense includes aggressive attempts to compensate for inferiority. Adjustment by withdrawing involves a different technique— running away from the problem or taking refuge in daydreaming and infantile behavior. Another attempted adjustment is repression, an unconscious but purpose forgetting of the unpleasant. Persistent nonadjustable reactions” include anxiety and worry, nervousness, fatigue, and various aches and pains. The above devices, says Shaffer, are adopted unconsciously, by trial and error, because they offer a means of resolving conflict and thereby attaining adjustment.