3 Types of Administration In Organization,School And Education

Generally there are three types of administration in organization, company,school, government and every public administration. which are discussed as under:

Authoritative Administration

  • style which resembles with dictatorship.
  • Administrator imposes his opinion and is rigid.
  • Subordinates are suppressed and frightened.
  • Feeling and sentiments of other are not cared.
  • Focus is on control and discipline.
  • Principle is that boss is always right, mo sharing consultation.
  • Subordinates can not question the opinion of administrator.
  • Subordinates are bound to follow the orders.
  • There is no sympathy or relaxation subordinates.
  • Decision are mode and imposed by administrator.

Advantages

  1. Institutions reflect order, discipline compliance of rules and regulations.
  2. Work is completed without delay.
  3. Only the opinion of the experts is implied.
  4. All the assignments are carried rapidly.
  5. It encourages working relationship.
  6. It is result oriented.

Disadvantages

  1. It discourages free thought, article creativity.
  2. It damages human esteem and ego.
  3. It creates negative culture of flattering.
  4. It hinders the way to experiments innovation.
  5. Subordinates face great loss for non-compliance
  6. It reduces commitment and enthusiasm.
  7. Staff is divided and is victimized by conspiracies.
  8. There is trust deficit between boss and It promotes ‘yes sir’ culture ra professionalism.

What Are different Types of Administration and How Does It Work?

Democratic Administration

  • It is opposite to authoritative style.
  • There is sharing and cooperation.
  • Adminstratorator is sympathetic and shows flexibility.
  • Respect and importance is given to subordinates.
  • Feeling and sentiments of other are cared
  • There is  freedom of expression and thought.
  • All Members participate in decision-making.
  • The responsibility of achieving the task is collective.
  • All members feel responsible for achieving targets.
  • Decision are collectively made and members work hard  to achieve objectives.
  • It paves the way for alternative leadership by Delegating powers.
  • It promotes creative environment which leads progress. self-control.

Disadvantages:

  • Every person gives more importance to his d ideas and ignores the opinion of experts.
  • It promotes negative criticism.
  • Every person do not possess sound thinking judgment.
  • Members of staff incline towards opinions w serve their own interests.
  • There is need to suppress’ Vice strictly.

Laissez-faire

Laissez-faire literally means, “let people do what they wish.”

Features

  • Administrators do not interfere the matters.
  • They show lack of interest and sense of responsibility.
  • Subordinates enjoy limitless freedom.
  • Subordinates do not follow the  rules guidelines.
  • Focus is on status quo.
  • Decisions are made without the involves leadership.
  • Staff members work according to their will.

Advantageous

  1. Laissez-faire style of administration favor institutions or organizations with professional members who are responsible, expert and experienced.
  2. It is Useful for organization having business partnership

Disadvantageous

  1. Institutions reflect chaos, disorder, anarchy and lack of discipline.
  2. Quality is declined
  3. There is decline in norms, standards and professionalism
  4. Members do not follow the guidelines
  5. It promotes pressure group which negatively influence the head of administration

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