Types of bandages in first aid

Depending on the circumstances, health professionals use different types of bandages to treat and prevent injuries. What are the most frequently used?

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As a general rule, bandages refer, within the medical field, to the act of wrapping a certain part of a person’s body . For this, bandages are necessary, which are strips of gauze, canvas or other materials, usually with elastic properties. On other occasions, sanitary materials such as dressings or tape are used.

In this way, the various bandaging techniques are often used in individuals to calm their pain in emergency situations . They can also be carried out to avoid complications arising while waiting for emergency services. In addition, it is possible to apply different methods depending on the state and location of the regions to be bandaged.

When used in emergency situations, bandages are found within first aid . These comprise a set of sanitary techniques that a subject can apply to preserve their own life or that of others.

In any case, they are simple and can greatly reduce complications and improve the clinical conditions of an individual. Typically, they are applied once the emergency team has been notified and is expected to come to the scene of the accident.

In what situations can a bandage be carried out?

In clinical practice, bandages can have many uses.

Bandaging techniques are used in a wide variety of medical situations, both emergency and routine. Among the alterations that can be treated and other common uses of the dressing process, we can highlight:

  • Burns of any kind.
  • Bleeding or blood loss that can vary in severity. Thus, bandages are used to reduce or contain blood loss while professionals visit.
  • Various types of trauma, such as dislocations, sprains, broken bones, etc. In this case, bandages are carried out to immobilize the joint or body region involved. Thus, the patient may feel less pain, because movements or displacements of the affected areas are avoided.

On the other hand, on other occasions bandages are carried out to achieve other objectives. This is the case of the fixation of splints , dressings, medications (usually topical), etc. They can also be used to prevent possible injury.

Types of bandages in emergency situations

The type of bandage will depend on multiple factors such as the type of damage or the patient’s condition.

Depending on the patient’s clinical condition — what type of damage has been suffered, where has it been suffered, what is its severity — different bandaging processes can be carried out.

A health team knows a wide variety of techniques that improve the state of the conditions suffered and, therefore, the patient . However, these procedures can be practiced in emergency situations by an individual outside of this scope.

Thus, among the most frequently used types of bandage are:

  • At eight. As a general rule, it is used to immobilize joints such as the elbow , knee, ankle, wrist, among others. It is carried out by intersecting the turns of the bandages, similar to the shape of an eight.
  •  This type of bandage is used as a prevention against possible pathogens that could enter the wound.
  • It is developed to heal wounds and burns on a routine basis.
  •  It is most often used to contain bleeding or loss of blood in some body region.
  •  Generally, it is applied to the extremities to protect them and performs a compression function. The successive turns overlap partially as the affected body member is progressively covered.
  • Regions of the body such as fingers, forearm, thigh, etc. are protected and supported.
  •  In this case, when a body area is wrapped, the bandage strips overlap completely.

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In any case, we hope that this article has been useful and interesting to you and has been able to solve some of your doubts. Of course, do not hesitate to go to the nearest medical center to contact a specialist.

If you find yourself in an emergency situation, call the emergency services and wait until the medical team arrives at the scene.


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