Tricorn . It is one of the most characteristic symbols of the body of the Spanish Civil Guard , and also one of the most feared by drivers when they stumble across one in front of a road … because the fine is guaranteed. The tricorn is a hat with three points, used in the body of the Civil Guard for a long time. What’s more, it has been used since that body was founded during the reign of Isabel II , and said foundation was promoted by the moderate government of Gonzalez Bravo (creator of the Civil Guard) and the consensus of the other political forces of that time.


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  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 History
  • 3 Features
  • 4 Sources


From the French tricorn, with the same meaning, and this from the imperial Latin tricornis, from tri- and cornis, from cornu, from the proto-Indo-European * ḱoru or * ḱr̥-no-, ultimately from the root * ḱer-


In order to speak of the tricorn, we must also speak in any case of the Duke of Ahumada , appointed to organize the new Institution, being the one who devised the emblematic three-cornered hat. His constant concern was that the body should have a uniform that looked severe, elegant and colorful. The Duke of Ahumada had presented Genral Narváez, a mannequin in the uniform that he had designed, which was accepted, but on condition that the infantry forces also wore the same hat as the cavalry, that is, the so-called hat of three peaks or half cheese.

This type of hat is made of wings in which the posterior and anterior are folded over the cup and are kept gathered by means of a ribbon and a button located on the anterior blade. During 1860 the “tricorn” gave its first evolutions, updating its format to the current one by order of a circular dated May 18 of the same year. The new dimensions are smaller than its previous version, gradually assigning smaller measurements over time. In 1866 , the tricorn is already in the shape of today, but still larger, although over the years, it would continue to shrink.


The wide-brimmed round hat (chambergo), worn by soldiers in the 17th century , was modified to become the three- cornered hat , which was used as a military garment during the 18th century and disappeared after the War of Independence of Spain . In its most popular period, it was also for civil use. The mutiny of Esquilache of 1766 was to trigger the side of coats and hats with which wanted to end the habit of going embozados with long coat and hat that hid his face, instead imposing three – cornered hat.

The black tricorn has a very wide wing that attaches to each side of the head and to its back, giving rise to a triangular figure. This hat was normally worn with the point forward, like the Chelsea Pensioners of the United Kingdom and the patriots of the American Revolution . The upper part is low, unlike the hats worn by the Puritans or the top hats of the 19th century . There were very simple and also very extravagant tricorns, even incorporating edges and feathers in gold or silver. In the United States they are used by some sports teams to commemorate their independence. The tricorn would later evolve into the bicorn and the three-cornered hat.


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