Planting lettuce is one of the first things that are advised to those who begin to grow for the first time in their garden, because it is one of the fastest crops to be harvested and easier to grow. In addition, growing rapidly allows you to have fewer pests and diseases, which encourages everyone to keep getting into this wonderful world. Keep reading to know how to do it.
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Lettuce, botanically referred to as lactuca sativa , is an annual plant belonging to semi-temperate regions that is usually grown for human consumption. There are many varieties of lettuce , and they can be consumed throughout the year. Generally, they are eaten raw in salads and other dishes.
How to plant lettuce at home?
Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetables to grow , since it adapts very well to any type of soil, although it prefers those that are rich in nutrients and well drained. To achieve this, you will only have to incorporate a good amount of humus into the soil where you are going to plant lettuce.
The humus is rich in nutrients and helps retain water, but prevents waterlogging. Keep in mind that lettuces do not grow on heavy soils, so it is advisable to plant them in clay soils. If you have a clay soil, simply add a little compost and manure every year so that it becomes an ideal soil for lettuce . The perfect pH for them is between 6 and 7.
Where and how to sow lettuce?
You can sow the lettuce directly in the garden , in a drawer for seedlings to transplant later or in a definitive pot. It is important that you provide a fresh medium to germinate, so you will have to keep the soil always moist, and if it is too hot you can cool the seeds between two sheets of blotting paper in the fridge for a few days before planting them.
Plant the lettuce seed in the garden in rows separated by 30 cm and in the same row the seeds should have a separation of 25 cm between them. In the planters, you simply have to leave a space with a radius of 25 cm for each seed so that each one develops well.
You can plant lettuce to consume throughout the year if you live in a place with mild climate. Winter lettuce should be sown directly in the ground when autumn begins; the spring ones will germinate in seedlings at the end of winter and you will have to transplant them at the beginning of spring; those of autumn and summer you must sow them eight weeks before being consumed.
Sun, irrigation and harvest
Lettuces love humid and cool climates , so you will have to leave them in full sun in spring, autumn and in warm winters. In summer it is advisable to leave lettuce in a shady place, since otherwise it will grow up and give flowers and seeds. Lettuces prefer moist soils, so you will have to water only what is necessary to keep them moist. This will make them more tender and tasty.
As for their collection, lettuce should be removed from the garden or from the planters only at the time when it is desired to consume , because they cannot be stored. Lettuces can be harvested from when they are small until they reach their final size, depending on the taste of each person.