The sense of sight and the state of the eyes is very important, since half of the information we receive from the environment comes through them. In fact, 95% of Spaniards consider it to be the most valuable sense and the one with the most serious loss . However, and paradoxically, only 40% of the population of our country underwent an exhaustive visual examination in the twelve months prior, according to data from the White Book of Vision in Spain , either because they claimed to feel that they saw correctly (72 %) or because they did not perceive any symptoms (68%).
However, it must be remembered that eye diseases may not present symptoms and often, if you wait to perceive them to see the specialist, a partial loss of vision may have already occurred. As Eduardo González Zorzano, Cinfa’s medical expert, explains, “the eyes are one of the smallest, but also most delicate, organs of our body.. They work in coordination with the brain to interpret the size, shape, color, and texture of the objects around us, as well as the distance they are at or the speed at which they move. It is a very complex process, in which all the elements of the ocular apparatus – cornea, crystalline, sclera … – must work perfectly ”.
Refraction problems, the most common
And this does not always happen. For example, the majority of the population suffers from refractive problems in sight, which are those related to the way the eye focuses, such as myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism, among others. In fact, according to the White Book of Vision, in Spain, 93% of the population over 55 years old uses some optical system , such as glasses or contact lenses, to improve their vision.
“Various eye diseases can also affect the eyes, from acute conjunctivitis or a stye, to cataracts or glaucoma that, if not detected in time, can lead to partial or total loss of vision,” says the doctor.
Decalogue for correct eye health:
- Take care of your diet. Strive to consume foods rich in vitamin A, which is essential for the eyes. In addition to carrots, it contains asparagus, apricots, nectarines, and milk. If you are also diabetic, hypertensive or have cholesterol, taking care of your diet is especially important.
- Keep your eyes hydrated. Especially when working in front of the computer, remember to blink often. It is also recommended to ventilate the room and, if necessary, use humidifiers. If you still suffer from dry eyes, you can use individual artificial tear solutions. And of course, drink plenty of water throughout the day.
- Watch the lighting. When working, reading, or making any other visual effort at close range, make sure you have enough light to prevent eye fatigue. It is also recommended to take brief breaks, so that the eyes rest.
- Television, always at a distance. Don’t get too close – for example, a 32-inch device should be about two meters away, and a 46-inch device about two and a half. Also, don’t see her for too many hours a day or allow your children to.
- Protect yourself from your computer. In order to avoid eyestrain, keep the monitor at least fifty centimeters from your eyes and at a ninety degree angle. Use a filter or screen protector and adjust the brightness of the monitor to lower its intensity.
- Don’t forget the glasses when driving. If your ophthalmologist has told you so, always wear your glasses when driving. In addition to avoiding eye strain, you will increase your safety and that of others, especially at night. Also make sure you have a spare pair of glasses in the glove compartment.
- Yes to sunglasses. Solar radiation can be very harmful to the eyes, so we must protect them with approved sunglasses that have a filter for ultraviolet rays. This article will also protect you from other aggressive environmental agents for the eyes such as wind or smoke. Take your sunglasses with you when you play outdoor sports or go on a motorcycle.
- Take care of the hygiene of your lenses. Store your contact lenses in a clean, bacteria-free case and follow daily cleaning instructions to the letter. You should also not allow makeup residues to dirty the lenses or the case in which you keep them.
- Learn to relax your eyes. Massages carried out with slight pressure around or on the eyes are very useful to reduce the tension that accumulates in the eyes themselves and the muscles that surround them. Also the practice of exercises of change of focus or of muscular relaxation allow to alleviate the visual fatigue.
- See the ophthalmologist regularly. Remember that many eye problems have no symptoms, so you should go to the specialist at least once a year to perform an examination of your eyes and the state of your vision. If you are also already correcting refraction problems with glasses or contact lenses, it is very important that you regularly check your graduation.