The welfare state: summary

The birth of the welfare state . The welfare state is a central and strategic element of the functioning of modern society , the society in which we live. it is not a universally valid social institution, which we find in all societies. it is a social institution typical and functional to modern society , to contemporary society in Western countries.

The term was used in 1941 by the archbishop of York, in fact in England there was a policy (orientative, regulatory) aimed at guaranteeing well-being, as opposed to the German state in which the warstate was in force (war policy) a state that found the welfare in war.

The welfare state after the 1929 crisis: summary



The welfare state is a set of interventions made by political institutions, government, public institutions to reduce the social risks of the population. is the set of interventions posed by political institutions to cope with social and population risks, the project begins to place itself with these characteristics in parallel with the processes of modernization, which is the set of changes that have progressively given rise to our society, a detail of laws and institutions, starting from the 19th century.
as one comes to modern society there are risks and social needs that were not there in pre-modern society . this makes the welfare state necessary.
The modernization changes coincide with the statement of:
1. a complex social structure in which the urban area prevails over the rural one, until the 2000s when the former prevails over the latter.
• This results in the loss of solidarity and identity.
• There are problems of apathy and little socialization in society, defined as self-protection against an excessive emotional stimulus (this is manifested above all in the metropolis, where one often feels alone in the midst of a crowd)
2. an increasingly based on the impersonality of relationships
• each of us has multiple identities and does not fully identify
• relationships of a formal, impersonal type
3. a political system based on the National State, a large-scale administrative political organization characterized by an idea of ​​nations.
• Fundamental prerequisite for the birth of the welfare state. because it presupposes that technical system which is social policies.
4. an economic system in which the allocation of resources largely depends more and more on the market and less and less on self-production.
• Economic society is a set of processes and mechanisms that allow the satisfaction of people’s needs. both primary and secondary.
• In modern society , people satisfy most of the needs with the market by buying goods and services.



In pre-modern society there was self-production.
today there are various risks regarding the market against which remedies are sought and answers are given with the process of commodification, a process that has brought the market to the first place for the satisfaction of needs.
On the impact of commodification we can understand what the welfare state is and what it is for, which is linked to economic processes.


by Abdullah Sam
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