Stroller is a vehicle that is used to transport newborn babies, generally keeping the baby lying in front of the person who is pushing him. It has the shape of a small cradle and sits on a four-wheel chassis, there are also three wheels. It has a hood to protect the child from the sun and other accessories such as a bag, a lower grill or a plastic cover to protect it from the rain.
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- 1 History
- 2 Multipurpose systems
- 3 Systems 3 in 1
- 4 Twin Car
- 5 Sources
The first stroller was built in 1733 by William Kent, a famous architect of the day, for the Duke of Devonshire’s sons. This stroller was created to be pulled by a pony or a goat. Strollers became popular in the UK from 1840 . It is even documented that Queen Victoria purchased three baby carriages from the “Hitchins Baby Store”. Already in 1889 the first stroller predecessor to current multipurpose systems was designed. This consisted of a large crib that could be placed in such a way that the baby faces the person who is pushing him or the front. However, only since 1920Strollers made accessible to middle class families. At this time, safety also improved: suspension was added, brakes, bigger and more stable wheels and a heavier chassis. In the 1970s, however, the trend turned to a more basic version, not fully suspended and with a detachable body.
The multi-purpose systems consist of a removable chassis, seat and baby crib that snap into the chassis according to the child’s age. Thus, a stroller can be exchanged, using a pram for the first 6-9 months and then, when the baby can sit on its own, a chair. Another advantage of multipurpose systems is that the chassis can be folded and is therefore generally smaller than a traditional stroller and easier to store and transport in the boot of a car. Even lighter are the so-called “buggy”, invented by the British Owen Maclaren in 1965. The classic buggy doubles as an umbrella, is lightweight and takes up little space, making it suitable for travel. Today there are different effective ways to dub, but Maclaren’s idea of a lightweight, transportable stroller still prevails. Buggies have little or no cushioning, are lighter, smaller when folded and generally suitable for babies who can sit up to 15 kilos on their own. Today there are on the one hand buggies with capes and with the chair fully reclined with a weight between 6 and 10 kilos and on the other very light buggies of 2-5 kilos without capes and with a chair that cannot be reclined, the latter being more suitable for children 2-4 years and short walks in the city. A buggy, regardless of the model, It is due to the lack of cushioning and great comforts for the baby and the person who pushes it more suitable for the city, roads and smooth streets. From theIn 2000 , three-wheeled sports cars or jogging tricycles became popular.
3 in 1 systems
The 3-in-1 systems allow, in addition to a seat and a removable cradle, to fit the baby car seat on the chassis. This allows quick purchases without moving the baby from the car seat (Group 0) to the stroller to avoid waking him. Furthermore the weight of a car seat with a baby should not be underestimated; the possibility of transporting the baby in his car seat, even between the parking lot and the flat / house / warehouse on the stroller frame, is for many parents a welcome comfort. However, it is recommended not to use the car seat for walks, since the semi-sitting position is not good for the development of the baby’s back.
The double stroller can be used from the birth of the baby up to 15kg. They are used for children born at the same time or siblings of close ages. Twin cars have different positions for the baby, lying, reclining and incorporated. The chair positions can be found one behind the other, the two together, one higher than the other.