Storyboard Understanding Along with the Function and Example of Storyboard

Have you ever heard the term storyboard ? If you are involved in the world of graphic design, visual communication must be familiar with the term storyboard. Storyboard is closely related to drawing pictures, for example, such as sketches of images from the events that exist in the story of a film or short video.

In this day and age, storyboards have been used in several fields. For example, the world of film, advertising, animation and so forth.

During the process, the director or director of photography will discuss about what scenes will be taken, then they will contact the storyboard artist to translate his ideas or ideas into a series of pictures.

Definition of Storyboard

Storyboard is a sketch of images arranged in sequence in accordance with the script of the story made. By using the storyboard, the story writers can convey their story ideas more easily to others. Why is it easier? Because by using a storyboard, a creator or story writer can make someone imagine a story by following the pictures that have been presented, so that the perceptions that emerge will be in accordance with the story ideas that have been made.

Storyboard can also be interpreted as a script whose presentation is in the form of sketches of images arranged in sequence. Which is useful for making storylines easier or taking pictures.

In 1930, storyboards were first developed in Walt Disney studios . The development of storyboards at Walt Disney began with the revolution of comic books that had sketched stories that had already been made. Since 1920 which aims to illustrate the concept of short animated cartoon subjects.

In 1933, the storyboard was first told based on an explanation in The Story Of Walt Disney (Hendry Holt 1956) Diane Disney Miller. The first time the storyboard was made by an animator named Webb Smitt. The idea starts with separate pictures arranged on a bulletin board to create a story line.

Storyboards are often used in the multimedia world such as filmmaking, graphic design, and so on. Why is it often used for multimedia needs? Because storyboards are related to drawing drawings, such as sketching pictures of every event or situation in a story in a film, animation, or short video.

Therefore the storyboard is needed in making films, especially for animated films or short videos. There are several reasons that make filmmakers or stories use storyboards. Here are some reasons for using storyboar, namely:

  • Can make it easier for authors of a story before making a film, short video, animation, and so on.
  • Can be used to remind animators about storylines.
  • Can be used to make it easier for readers to understand the story line.
  • Can make it easy for editors to arrange scenes or different scenes to fit the scenario more quickly and easily.

Storyboard function

In general, storyboards have a function as creative media concepts and expressions in conveying ideas or ideas to others. In the storyboard one can also add other directives such as audio directives, location or other information directives. Here are some other general storyboard functions:

  • Storyboard functions to provide an explanation of the plot of a story by using pictures. Inside there is a complete story line starting from the beginning of the story, the middle part of the story, until the end of the story.
  • Storyboard also has a function for planning media making short videos or for films.
  • Storyboard also has a function to make it easy for filmmakers to make films and understand the scenarios to be made or told.

In filmmaking there are also several functions of the storyboard. Here are some storyboard functions in film making, namely:

  1. As a communication tool

Storyboard has a function as a tool to communicate every idea or idea of ​​the film as a whole that was sparked by the filmmaker or producer.

Thus, using a storyboard to communicate ideas or ideas that are owned by others before being made into a form of film using storyboards is one of the tasks of the film producer or filmmaker. This was made so that the same perception was created between filmmakers and other film crew.

  1. As a previsual tool

The function of storyboarding in the making of the next film is as a tool to visualize ideas or story ideas. Storyboard is an initial description of a story or story that will be made. The pictures are arranged sequentially in accordance with the text of the story that has been compiled.

  1. As a guide

It has been mentioned before that storyboards have functions for those involved in the process of filmmaking and other visual communication such as producers, directors, story writers, cameramen, lighting designers, editors, and so on. On the other hand the storyboard has a function to guide the film crew’s duties in carrying out their duties during the process of making films to be faster and more precise.

  1. To explain the narrative flow of a story or story

It has been explained before that the storyboard is the initial description of the story or film story that will be made. From the pictures made in the storyboard, it can be seen how the plot or the story or story of a film will be made from beginning to end. This will also make it easier for the director and other film crew to make films in accordance with the storyboard and the script that has been made.

  1. To set the time

In the making of film, time is very important in helping the storyline or story and moving from one scene to another. Generally, storyboards will present visuals per scene in sequence, point of view and shooting by camera, script, and time. Storyboard has a function to adjust the time of each scene taken by the camera.

  1. To adjust the camera’s movement

Storyboard is closely related to the process of taking pictures by the camera. Therefore, in making storyboard films often referred to as story-shooting.

Related to this, what is made in the storyboard must be consistent with what happened during the process of taking pictures. Taking pictures that are accompanied by appropriate camera movements and in accordance with the storyboard can help the audience understand the intentions of the filmmaker.

  1. As a tool for the editing process

The task of a film editor is to edit or edit a film. To make the editing process easier, an editor or editor will be guided by the storyboard. By using a storyboard, the editor can arrange different scenes so that they become a series of scenes quickly and precisely in accordance with the script of the film that has been made.

  1. To help move various elements in a frame

The last function of storyboarding in filmmaking is to help the movement of various elements contained in a frame on an ongoing basis so that the audience can understand the process or plot that is described sequentially.

Storyboard example

  1. Example storyboard with detailed framing and angles
  • In order to make storyboards easier, a rough plan must be made as a basis for implementation. Outline is made by making a number of work points that are useful to help in identifying what material should be made, obtained, and arranged so that the work can run well.
  • Outline alone is actually sufficient to start the stage of production implementation, but in carrying out various video project models, such as soap operas, television commercials, television dramas, company profiles, animated films, and short films still need formal scenarios whose contents are dialogue, narration , notes on set location, camera angles and movements, lighting, action, atmospheric sound, and so on.

By using a storyboard, it will facilitate the implementation of the production processes later. Regardless of the format used, you must include the following information:

  1. Sketch or screen image of the page
  2. Color, placement and size of the chart
  3. Original Text,
  4. If you use text, it is good to include information on color, size, or writing ideas
  5. Narration if needed
  6. Animation if needed
  7. Video if needed
  8. Audio if needed
  9. Interaction with the audience
  10. And other things that production staff need to know
  11. Example of a storyboard using paper manually

This article is all about discussing the meaning of storyboards, along with their functions and examples. Hopefully this article useful for you. Thank you


by Abdullah Sam
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