Roald Amundsen was a polar explorer from Norway, who has the distinction of being the first to reach both ends of the earth. Amundsen was born in Borge, Ostfold, Norway, on July 16, 1872. Early in life, he dreamed of the sea. His family owned ships, and greeted from a line of sea captains. When he was in his teens, he insisted on sleeping with the windows of his room open to acclimate to the cold, with his future plans to explore the cold poles in mind. Initially he studied to become a doctor for his mother’s wishes but, after his death, he left these studies to become a sailor. Later, he joined a number of expeditions.
In his youth, Amundsen learned about the environment in Antarctica and dreamed of exploring it one day on his own. Inspired by another explorer’s crossing of Greenland, he promised to become a polar explorer. Belonging to a family of sea captains offered him an advantage in setting off on his ambitions. From the beginning of his career, Amundsen was known as a firm but fair captain. He led his expeditions with excellent planning and organization, and learned and adapted his problems and setbacks in order to improve his future efforts. At some point in his expedition to the south pole, he encountered problems with one of his men. It also had to do with unpredictable weather and frozen dogs, freezing, scurvy and frozen compasses.
Amundsen was to become the first person to reach both the Arctic and Antarctic poles, and planted the Norwegian flag on reaching both poles. He established himself at the beginning of his career as an explorer when he was with the Belgian Antarctic expedition from 1897 to 1899. Then, when he captained a 70-foot boat to explore the northwest passage from 1903 to 1906, which turned out to be a very dangerous expedition over the three years it took to complete. He also led an expedition in the northeast passage from 1918 to 1920. Then, in 1926, he famously crossed the Arctic in an airship. A man with a talent for planning what was to come, Amundsen has always made sure that a good preparation was the hallmark of each of his expeditions.
There were many challenges that Amundsen had to overcome during his expeditions, many of which related to weather conditions. Another significant obstacle was “The Devil’s Ballroom”. This was an area of glacier that had several deep crevasses that initially held Roald and his men from the final approach to the South Pole. Later, Amundsen also had to face criticism from the Royal Geographic Society, when one of its members called it “the most unhappy polar explorer “. Amundsen never thought much about criticism, as he continued to help other people. As a person with a high level of know-how when it came to crossing cold environments, he was asked to go ahead even in Arctic rescue missions.
Death and inheritance
In 1928, Amundsen went on a rescue mission after an airship crashed in the Arctic. Even his plane seemed to have crashed in the rescue attempt. A search and rescue team was sent by the Norwegian government, but found nothing. His body and those of his companions were never found. The date of his apparent death was June 18, 1928. He left a legacy of early exploration, collectively becoming a household name throughout the scientific community. Many honored him by naming newborns, water bodies and other geographical features, ships and even schools after him. Until his death, Amundsen continued to achieve goals that many people could only dream of achieving. These results have proved useful as inspiration for the rest of the world. Until now, his polar expeditions have been unquestionably accepted, making Amundsen the man who obtained the title of first man to reach both poles.