All About Radioactive or Nuclear Pollution
This type of pollution that is very dangerous and is currently impacting the planet earth in general. We will talk to you about radioactive or nuclear pollution. Of its main characteristics, causes, consequences and solutions to this environmental problem.
What is Radioactive Pollution?
It is that type of contamination by radioactive substances, materials and other elements that impact on the environment, natural resources and the quality of human life.
Thus, it is the physicochemical contamination of air, water, soil, flora and fauna. Also other elements that then impact on the health of the human being.
What are the characteristics of radioactive contamination?
- The radioactivity discovered in 1896 by the French scientist Henri Becquerel. Where this is when a material contains unstable atomic nuclei and lose energy by the same radioactivity.
- More dangerous pollution due to its general effects.
- It is of natural and artificial origin.
- Its main radioactive elements are (Polonium, Astatus, Radon, Francium, Radio, Actinium, Thorium, Uranium, Plutonium, Neptunium, Lawrencio, Berkelio, and Californium).
- It is present in the environmental environment, biodiversity and in human beings.
- Its impact is at a general level.
( Read also: Thermal Pollution )
What are the causes of radioactive contamination?
This pollution occurs by natural radioisotopes or artificial and other factors such as: human activities , accidents nuclear materials and waste radioactive , radioactive isotopes by cosmic rays , contaminants such as radon, enriched uranium and plutonium, by nuclear medicine and radiotherapy , industrial waste wastes, nuclear energy , uranium mining , thermonuclear plants, military tests and atomic bombs , standards, alpha, beta, electrons, gamma and rays.
What are the consequences of radioactive contamination?
The effects and impacts will depend on the level of radiation on the environment, natural resources and human life:
Chemical and biological alterations, destruction of DNA and arn, cancer, acute radiation syndrome , genetic defects , gastrointestinal disturbances , deaths of people due to high doses of radioactivity , infertility , weakening of the immune system , ecological and trophic chain imbalances , contamination of the air, water, soil, flora, fauna, ecosystems and other natural environments , effects on physical, mental and emotional health , among many other impacts on the human body, the variety of species and the quality of the environment
What are the Radioactive Contamination Solutions?
Information and education on this socio-environmental problem , safety and prevention measures that are responsible for accidents or nuclear disasters , secure storage in specialized containers, nuclear power plants 300 km away from populated centers, regulations based on hazardous materials and radioactive waste.
Also , warning symbols on waste materials and radioactive elements , and the training of workers in any event , promote experts in radiation protection , internal and external decontamination , other sources of alternative energy , the elimination of nuclear weapons , the correct radioactive waste disposal, monitoring and environmental protection
It is definitely the physical pollution of the planet’s atmosphere , natural resources and human beings by both natural and artificial radioactive elements.Likewise, this arises artificially as a result of the activities and accidents of the human being such as atomic bombs, medical practices, wastes and nuclear accidents or radioactive waste. At the same time, naturally by the radioactive elements present in atmospheric cycles such as cosmic rays.
On the other hand, some examples of radioactive contamination are nuclear energy, explosion of a nuclear plant in France in 2017, the Chernobyl accident, the Fukushima accident and the first atomic bomb that exploded in Japan in 1945