Prewriting is the first step of writing process.This is all-important time in which you think about and plan a writing project.The writing process begins long before you actually put your fingers to the keyboard (or pen to paper). As a matter of fact, the process begins the day you think your first thought . . . and just keeps going on from there. Each of life’s experiences becomes part of what you know, what you think, and what you have to say. You automatically tap into these experiences for ideas whenever you write.
Quick Guide About Prewriting Every Writer And Student Must Know
PURPOSE: Prewriting is the first step in the writing process, and it involves selecting and developing a subject for writing. It deals with all of the thinking, brainstorming, talking, and collecting you do before you write.
Special Note: You may also do some prewriting-type activities later in the writing process. For example, once you start revising a first draft, you may decide to gather some additional information about your subject.
STARTING POINT: During prewriting, you carry out the following activities:
- selecting a specific subject for writing,
- gathering information about it,
- focusing on a specific part of the subject for writing, and
- planning how to use all of the supporting information.
When you select a subject, make sure that it meets the requirements of the assignment and also interests you.
Prewriting can be carried out in many different ways. You may start a subject search with a list or a cluster. This may prompt you to write freely about some item from your list. After you gather your initial thoughts about it, you may do some additional research and note taking. And, finally, you may decide to use a graphic organizer to put everything together.
THE BIG PICTURE:
When prewriting, pay special attention to two traits of good writing: ideas and organization.Ideas: Collect as much information as you can. The more you know about your subject, the easier it will be to write about it.
Organization: Decide on the best arrangement of the facts and details you have collected. There has to be a master plan that holds all of the information together.
Creating A Writing “Source Bank”
To writers, discovering what’s going on in the world around them is very important. They save every nugget of experience they can, In: “ring they may use it in their writing some day.To think and act like a writer, you should develop your own “Source Bank” of writing ideas. The strategies and guidelines that follow help you get started.
Finding Writing Ideas
Be alert for writing ideas you find unexpectedly as you read, ride s bus, visit friends, shop, goof around, and so on. Different “scenes” ty bring to mind a number of writing subjects.Writers often carry small pocket notebooks to capture images and ideas they happen upon. They also write regularly about their daily experiences in their journals. You should do the same.
Get involved in your community. Visit museums, churches, parks, Libraries, manufacturing plants, businesses, and so on. As you expand the scope of your world, you will naturally build a supply of potential writing ideas.
Searching and Surfing
Prowl around your library for writing ideas. Also surf the Internet since it contains all kinds of interesting information and ideas.
Maintaining a Writing Folder
As you work on your writing in school, especially if you are in a uniting group, you will constantly come up against new ideas during your discussions. Reserve part of your folder to write these ideas down.
Reading like a Writer
Reserve part of your writing folder for interesting ideas that you find as you read—an interesting name, a surprising turn in a story, a well-phrased sentence, and so on.
How To Select A Writing Subject:3 Things Everyone Knows About Prewriting That You Don’t
A distinguished writer once said, “There are few experiences quite so satisfactory as getting a good writing idea. You’re pleased with it, and feel good about it.” Many writing assignments are related to a general subject area you are studying. Let’s say, for example, you were asked to write a report about current health and medicine as part of a science unit. Your job would be to select a specific part of that subject to write about:
General Subject Area:
Current Health and Medicine Specific Writing Subject: Laser Eye Surgery. The following strategies will help you select effective, specific subjects that you can feel good about.
Write on a regular basis in a personal journal, exploring your experiences and thoughts. Review your entries on occasion and underline ideas that you would like to further explore in writing assignments.
Begin a cluster with a nucleus word. Select a general term or idea that is related to your writing assignment. Then cluster related words around it, as in the model below.
Freely list ideas as they come to mind when you think about your assignment. Keep your list going as long as you can. When you are finished, look for words in your list that you feel would make good «T. ring subjects.
Write nonstop for 5-10 minutes to discover possible writing ideas. Begin writing with a particular idea in mind (one related your writing assignment). Underlying ideas that might serve as specific subjects for your assignment.
Complete an open-ended sentence in as many ways as you can. Try to word your sentence so that it leads you to a ect you can use for a particular writing assignment.
Sample Subjects Where you Can Find yours
You come across many people, places, experiences, and things—all ®f which are potential subjects for writing. We’ve listed a number of possible subjects below, so you’ll get the idea.
People: teacher, relative, classmate, coach, neighbor, bus driver, someone you spend time with, someone you wish you were like, newsgroup acquaintance Places: hangout, garage, classroom, rooftop, locker room, zoo, hallway, corner, bam, bayou, lake, river, cupboard, yard
Things: billboard, poster, video game, cordless phone, key, bus, book, boat, drawing, model, doll, junk drawer, ladder, locket
stage fright, just last week, a big mistake, a reunion, a dance, getting hurt, flirting, learning to , all wet, getting caught, cleaning up, being a friend.
How to eat popcorn, make a taco, improve your memory, care for a pet, entertain a child, impress your teacher, earn extra money, get in shape The causes of . . . acid rain, acne, hiccups, tornadoes, shin splints, dropouts, rust, computer viruses.
Kinds of . . . crowds, friends, commercials, dreams, pain, neighbors, clouds, stereos, heroes, chores, homework, traffic jams
Definition of . . . class, a good time, a conservative, “soul,” grandmother, loyalty, alternative music, adolescence, advice, empathy, surfing
dieting, homework, testing, smoking in public places, shoplifting, airbags, teen centers, something that needs improving, something that deserves support, something that’s unfair, something that everyone should see
Writing Forms And The Secret of Successful Prewriting
Have you ever written and designed a children’s storybook, your Pine book of riddles, your own Web site? Just thinking about all of the forms of writing available to you might “prompt” you to write.
- Personal Writing—journals, logs, diaries, free writing, friendly letters, e-mail, clustering, listing, autobiographical essays and narratives, brainstorming
- Creative Writing—poems, myths, plays, stories, anecdotes, sketches, essays, jokes, parodies
- Subject Writing reports, reviews, business letters, memos, research papers, essays, news stories, interviews, instructions, manuals
- Persuasive Writing—editorials, letters, research papers, advertisements, essays, slogans, pamphlets, petitions, commercials.