Popcorn , riots , millet , popcorn , cockerels , poporopos , Postcon , popcon , pocorn , poporochos , popcorn , pururú , pop , popcorn , pop corn , popcorn , perlite court , canguil , pororó , cotufas , crispetas , corn pira , chivitas ,Corn goats , corn tote , pipocas , rosettes , roses , rositas, roscas , tostones , cocaleca , or flowers are an appetizer made from some special varieties of corn .
For its elaboration, corn grains of a special type are used, which are arranged in a pot or container and roasted (usually fried in vegetable oil ) until the explosion. Only some varieties of corn (one of them, called popcorn or the variety Zea mays everata Sturt ) produce the desired result, which is the sudden expansion of the grain content resulting in the sudden breaking of the husk, and the formation of a mass fluffy white; Action that is mainly due to overheating of internal humidity.
This blast can throw popped and popped corn kernels a considerable distance away, popcorn is usually prepared in a covered container. During its explosion, the popcorn produces a characteristic noise and tapping, along with its unmistakable aroma.
There popcorn for microwave , marketed in a folded paper bag in particular, together with the oil and salt needed for cooking.
Consumed added of salt and seasoned with butter or caramel, this popular delicacy is especially favored by viewers of cinema , and widely available in the halls of the world.
In Colombia , during the pre-Columbian era, the inhabitants made them as snacks at city festivals, accompanied by chicha or another drink. During the colonial era, the conquerors found remains of popcorn (tumpets) in tombs dating back more than 1,500 years, however later researchers discovered that they were made more than 5,000 years BC, on the Atlantic coast by the year 1500 they had developed new techniques to give a sweet flavor to them.
In Mexico , in pre-Hispanic cities they were sold in bulk as legumes and called momochtli (in the Nahuatl language ). They were prepared on the spot , by putting corn in very hot clay pots , or by putting grains on burning ash.
In Ancient Peru , several towns were already making popcorn well before the arrival of the Spanish, having found remains of more than 1,000 years old in tombs. Archaeologists also found pots for popcorn belonging to the Moche culture dating back to 300 AD. C.
In 1492 , Christopher Columbus noted that American Indians made hats and bodices out of popcorn, which they sold to sailors.
Around the year 1612 , French explorers documented that the Iroquois Indians exploited corn in clay pots, using burning sand. They also reported that during an Iroquois dinner, beer and soup made from popcorn were consumed .
The first American settlers ate popcorn for breakfast, with sugar and cream.
In 1885, Charles Cretors (of Chicago , USA) patented the commercial machine for making popcorn. The custom of eating popcorn in theaters has been in fashion in the United States since 1912 .
Why does corn explode?
Like all cereal grains, each popcorn kernel contains a certain amount of moisture in its endosperm (kernel starched with up to 90% starch)  . Unlike most other grains, the outer crust, or pericarp , is very thick and impervious to moisture.
As the grain is heated beyond the boiling point of water (100 ° C ) to 175 ° C, the moisture inside the grain begins to convert to steam , generating internal pressures of up to about 9 atmospheres. In most kernels (including defective popcorn kernels), this vapor escapes as fast as it is formed, but in popcorn kernels, the vapor does not escape due to the thick and impermeable pericarp (rind) which keeps it sealed, but the internal pressure reaches such a point that the crust cannot contain it and a small explosion occurs. The force of the explosion turns the grain inside out, that is, the content of the nucleus is exposed. But even more importantly, because the moisture was evenly distributed within the starched core, the sudden expansion of the explosion turns the endosperm into a kind of foam, which gives popcorn its unique texture.
There are two explanations for those grains that do not burst after being exposed to high temperatures.
- The first is that the grains that did not burst did not have enough moisture to create the steam necessary to explode.
- The second explanation, according to research done in 2005by Dr. Bruce Hamaker of Purdue University, that unburied grains may have a leaky rind, which also prevents enough pressure to build up to burst them.
One of the peculiarities of this way of eating corn is the large number of names it has in each region of Latin America and Spain ; even in the same country it usually receives more than one denomination.
Here is a list of different regional names given to popcorn:
- Argentina :
- rositas( rosette )
- popcorn( pop and corn , mostly used in Buenos Aires).
- pururú(used in the city of Córdoba ).
- ancua(in northern Argentina).
- pororó(in the Argentine Northeast , in the interior of the Province of Buenos Aires and in that of the Province of Santa Fe (pororó = explosion or explode, in the Guaraní language- spoken throughout the Argentine Northeast , Paraguay, etc.) -.
- pipoca(in the Province of Misiones , under the influence of Portuguese ) -in addition, it is also called “pororó” -.
- rosquitas(in the south of the great Bs As)
- United States : popcorn
- Insole: BLZ: poporocho .
- Bolivia : pipoca , pororó (in Santa Cruz de la Sierra ).
- Brazil : pipoca .
- Chile : goats , popcorn , pop corn .
- Colombia : crispetas , popcorn , pyre corn (the latter is also used for the corn used to make crispetas).
- Template: CRI: Popcorn or Popcorn .
- Cuba : corn chips .
- Ecuador : kangaroo .
- El Salvador : popcorn , popcorn , poporopos, riots or pop corn .
- Spain : popcorn throughout the country
- cotufasin Tomelloso ( Ciudad Real ); in Tenerife and La Palma ( Canary Islands ).
- threadsin Gran Canaria .
- tostonesin the provinces of Almería , Murcia and Alicante Template: Cr .
- rosesin the provinces of Granada and Valencia .
- rosettesin the provinces of Granada and Jaén and inland areas of Valencia .
- flowersin the provinces of Valencia , Granada and Jaén .
- pigeonsin Granada .
- aviariesin Aragon .
- crispetesin Catalan .
- krispetakin Euskera .
- Millo flocksin Galician .
- Guatemala : poporopo .
- Honduras : popcorn .
- Mexico : popcorn or popcorn (Throughout the country), or crispetas.
- Nicaragua : popcorn .
- Paraguay : pororó . (From the Guaraní )
- Panama : popcorn , popcorn, Millo .
- Peru : canchita, perlita court, popcorn, corn
- Portugal : little .
- Template: PRI: popcorn , poscon , pocorn, popcon
- Dominican Republic : Popcorn , cocalecas , popcorn
- Uruguay : pop and pororó .
- Venezuela : cotufas ( Canario , from the insular Tamazight word inherited from Canarian immigrants).
- roosters(in Guanare and formerly in Maracaibo where it has fallen into disuse).