Polar Bear

Polar Bear

The polar bear is a large carnivorous mammal, whose main food is seals. Classified as vulnerable, it is an animal found in the Arctic Circle region.The polar bear ( Ursus maritimus ) is a mammal that lives in the Arctic Circle and in adjacent continental areas. It is considered the largest terrestrial carnivore. This species is currently classified as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (acronym for International Union for Conservation of Nature ).

Main characteristics of the polar bear

The polar bear, a large animal, can weigh more than 500 kg and measure up to 3 meters. It has skin rich in very dense hair , without any pigmentation, which allows camouflage in the snow environment. A curiosity is that these animals have black skin , which helps to warm their bodies due to the greater absorption of heat. They are characterized by being solitary animals.

→ Where does the polar bear live?

The polar bear lives in the Arctic Circle region, in places where the waters are covered with ice. During the summer, it is possible to observe the retraction of the ice, so some bears travel in search of places where the ice still persists. Others, however, may remain on land during this period, where they are fasting, spending their reserves, until the ice forms again on the spot. In the terrestrial environment, polar bears cannot get enough food to sustain themselves.

The polar bear is a carnivorous animal. Their main food is seals, which they hunt, mainly, the moment they climb up to the opening of ice to breathe. They can also feed on other marine mammals, fish and even carcasses, such as whales, for example.

It is important to emphasize the importance of ice for this animal to obtain its food. In addition to the fact that ice on water is essential for capturing seals that seek oxygen, the ice also ensures camouflage, making the bear not easily perceived and, thus, managing to set up a hunting strategy. Thus , the melting of ice can negatively affect the eating habits of this animal.

→ Polar bear reproduction

The polar bear is an animal with a very low reproductive rate when compared to other mammals. Females enter the reproductive stage at around 4 years of age, and their gestation lasts between 195 and 265 days. Usually, the birth of twins is observed.

It is important to emphasize the importance of ice for this animal to obtain its food. In addition to the fact that ice on water is essential for capturing seals that seek oxygen, the ice also ensures camouflage, making the bear not easily perceived and, thus, managing to set up a hunting strategy. Thus , the melting of ice can negatively affect the eating habits of this animal.

→ Polar bear reproduction

The polar bear is an animal with a very low reproductive rate when compared to other mammals. Females enter the reproductive stage at around 4 years of age, and their gestation lasts between 195 and 265 days. Usually, the birth of twins is observed.

 

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