Phytocosmetics . It is the use of the active principles of plants for skin and hair care and aesthetics . The use of one or other plants is determined by their physiological activity, which varies from one plant to another, so that we find plants for almost all aesthetic needs.
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- 1 Variety of preparation
- 2 Dermatological properties
- 3 Negative effect
- 4 Beauty Products
- 5 Groups in Phytocosmetics
- 6 Sources
Variety of preparation
The cosmetic forms of preparation are also numerous, we find formulations that use vegetable extracts in creams, emulsions, lotions, gels, oils , soaps , deodorants, etc.
There are a number of plants that are especially interesting in aesthetic medicine because we find them continuously mentioned as the main active ingredient in many of the products that we can use regularly or in some creams, soaps.
The dermatological properties are many and very varied: toning, astringent, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, healing, detergent, softening, calming, emollient, decongestant, refreshing, etc.
The ingredients of all skin care products, which currently have the condition of “healthy”, have a combination of chemical substances , both synthetic and natural that are part of it. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account that, when any element is used on the skin, hair and mucous membranes, it is susceptible to being absorbed inside the body and even being metabolized and reaching the bloodstream. Absorption through the skin can be high as evidenced by the skin patches of many medications .
- Vitamin E: antioxidant to protect the skin from the sun and damage caused by pollution. They can be labeled as d-alpha tocopherol (the natural form of vitamin E). A natural preservative.
- Vitamin C: (ascorbic acid) natural preservative antioxidant and that stimulates collagen and elastin of the tissue and promotes growth.
- Oatmeal: calms the skin, relieves itching and inflammation.
- Lecithin: soybean extract (organic suppliers reject the genetically modified variety) that is used to hydrate the skin, a natural moisturizer (attracts moisture to the skin).
- Calendula: helps skin regeneration and healing. anti-inflammatory; relieves skin irritations.
- Chamomile: helps healing sensitive skin.
- Witch Hazel: astringent and invigorating.
- Gingseng: for skin care and is rejuvenating.
- Aloe Vera: anti-inflammatory.
- Rosehip: natural emollient that restores the skin from acid balance.
- Peppermint:Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and good for the regulation of oily skin.
- Lemongrass: Good for mild forms of acne and small skin infections.
- Xanthan gum:natural emulsifier.
- Roses: natural perfume.
Groups in Phytocosmetics
- Plants rich in tannins and other types of compounds such as organic acids, flavonoids, anthocyanins, etc. perform this action. Its actions at the level of the skin in external use are: decrease of sebaceous secretions, close the pores, reaffirm the skin, vasoconstrictive, decongestant and anti-inflammatory. Above all, they are used in the treatment of oily skin: witch hazel, walnut, white nettle, rose hip, red rose, blackberry.
- Emollients and softeners: This action is possessed by mucilages, pectins and starch. They are capable of retaining water, maintaining adequate hydration and forming a protective barrier on the skin, which is why they exert beneficial action on dry skin, itching, etc .: Linen, Marshmallow, Llantén, Borage, Elderberry, Mullein, Violet, Thought .
- Antiseptics: This action is due to the fact that they contain essences and other chemical substances, such as naphthoquinones, lactones, etc .: Burdock, Calendula, Hypericum, Hyssop, Savory, Star Anise, Walnut, Lavender, Mint, Basil, Oregano, Rosemary, Salvi a , Serpol, Thyme, Propolis.
- Antifungals: (against fungi): Enula, Propolis, Walnut, Oregano, Thyme, Savory, Garlic.
- Healing: The healing is favored with the use of plants with astringent action (plants with tannins), antiseptic (plants with essence) and anti-inflammatory (plants with tannins, mucilage, azulene) or with those that contain substances such as allantoin or Asiaticoside and that favor epithelial regeneration: Centellaasiatica, Yarrow, Roman chamomile, Calendula, Horsetail, Common chamomile, With solder, Agrimony, Carrot.
- To combat sweat: Oak, Cypress, Sage.
- Some plants, such as linden or lemon balm, are also used in external use for their sedative properties.
- Oily substances: Certain oils rich in glycerides, vitamin E, essential fatty acids, lecithins, etc., are of interest because they exert a softening, protective and even nourishing action on the skin. Among the most widely used are the following: Almond, olive, corn, flax, borage, wheat germ oil .
- Hairproducts: Stimulants of the hair follicle : they are toning of the scalp. The most widely used are rosemary and white nettle.
- Dyes: Plants with naphthoquinones such as walnut (brown hair) are used to dye hair, chamomile is used to give blonde highlights to hair.