PhD is the acronym for Doctor of Philosophy, the last and highest academic title received by an individual . This is always conferred by an institution of higher education, such as a University.Academic degrees are divided into undergraduate, graduate, master’s, doctoral, and PhD degrees.The requirements for obtaining a PhD degree vary widely in each country.To receive a PhD degree, it is essential to have a good academic curriculum, already have a history of publications in scientific vehicles or through obtaining patents, as well as qualities and research experience.
The phd title has been popularized during the 19th century by the Friedrich Wilhelm University in the city of Berlin. This institution used the Phd to describe the original research work of a young specialist in the field of sciences.A Phd is not easy to obtain since it may take 4 to 10 years to be able to complete it. Having PHD,you must demonstrate that knowledge for to contribute something new to the subject This new knowledge is presented in a doctoral thesis.
Majority of PhD graduates work in the academic field or in research centers.Obtaining a PhD requires a significant amount of effort and time. The title requires a minimum of five years, although the exact number varies; Some people finish in 4 years and others take up to 6 or more, depending on the discipline, the research topic and the student’s abilities. In general, the first two or three years of doctorate are devoted to studying courses and the last 3 or 5 years are devoted to writing a thesis.
There are universities for all types of profiles, and there are more and more programs in specific areas (for example doctorates in public policies, international relations or business management, etc.) as well as doctorates in traditional academic disciplines such as economics or history. Being admitted to a prestigious PhD program is a complex and difficult process and requires doing exams, writing essays and obtaining and sending letters of recommendation from professors in the field of study.