Peak tool

Peak . (From celtolatín beccus ). Manual-powered cutting tool, designed for digging and formed by an iron or steel bar, somewhat curved, sharp at one end and with an eye in the other to place a wooden handle. Other names by which it is known, which sometimes have slightly different characteristics from each other are: zapapico , piocha , espiocha , picota , pica , escoda , piqueta , picoleta , etc.


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  • 1 Use
  • 2 Component parts
  • 3 Other types of spikes
  • 4 Sources


The typical use of the picks is in agriculture and on construction sites to break the ground , dig trenches , remove stones , etc. Its weight (mass) is relatively large, which, added to the length of its handle, makes it a forceful tool that when dropped on the ground produces a considerable blow that facilitates penetration, which is not achieved with a shovel.

Component parts

Head . It is the fundamental part, made of forged steel . It consists of an eye, which is a hole where the handle is placed, and two protrusions, one in the shape of a tip and the other a shovel.

Be careful . It is a cylinder with an elliptical section, from largest to smallest dimension to help prevent the handle from falling out.

Tip . Pointed end that is specially designed as a lever for the removal of stones, roots and other obstacles.

Shovel . End shaped like a shovel with a straight edge, which is used to cut dirt or other materials. Its width is about 10 cm.

Mango . It is generally made of wood, with an ovoid section, and can be straight or curved. It is inserted firmly into the eye, sometimes nailing metal wedges to prevent it from coming out, which is very dangerous. It is approximately 60 cm long and 5 cm thick.

Other types of spikes

Piocha . It is a peak with the narrowest blade, not more than 5 cm. It is used for highly hardened materials and soils.

Pickaxe . It is a variant of beak used in masonry, which has one of the tips in the shape of a hammer, and the other with a small shovel.

It itches . It is small in size, has pyramidal points and is used by stonemasons to carve stones, cut walls, etc. A variant of this is the type of pica used by mountaineers.


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