Parts of the score

The score is a printed document or manuscript in which the interpretation of a musical composition is specified through its own language created by musical signs and by the notation system. As with brochures and books, the medium of the score is usually paper, previously parchment was used.


Although access to music notation currently also includes the use of computer presentation . In orchestral music the score is the document that the conductor uses exclusively. In it you will find all the work that will be carried out, some specific indications are also specified.

On the other hand, the partella is each one of the scores that the interpreters have of the different instruments. They include two similar instruments such as the flute or piccolo, an English horn or an oboe and are shared by the interpreters of each one.


  • 1Score Structure
    • 1Divider Line or Compass Bar
    • 2Lines
    • 3Silences and Figures
    • 4Keys
    • 5Key Armors
    • 6Alterations
    • 7Accent or Articulation
    • 8Compass

Score Structure

Dividing Line or Compass Bar


This sign is used in music notation, it is represented as a vertical line that passes through the staff and divides the bars.

In bars or sheet music, compass bars are used as an organization method that allows a more accurate orientation.



  • Additional Lines: Used to enlarge the staff when notes below or above it need to be represented. These additional lines are placed briefly on either side of the note. The conventional limit corresponds to 4 additional lines.
  • Pentagram: it is the basic framework of the score in which the other symbols are placed. Each of the five lines together with their intermediate spaces refer to the 7 tones that are repeated on the diatonic scale, taking into account the key in use.

Silences and Figures

The values ​​of the rests and the figures are not absolute, they are proportional in duration to the rest of the rests and notes. They are normally associated with the value of quarter note at 1. This occurs only in bars where the denominator is in quarters. To better understand the compass, you need to use the real values ​​that the figures have and that are expressed in fractions and integers.


They define the pitch or tonal range of the staff. The clef is usually the symbol with the most representation on the left side of the staff. There may be additional keys in the medium that express a registry change for wide-range instruments.

Key Armor

These define the alterations that the notes will have in that space or line, preventing the use of alterations for different notes. If there is no armature, the associated tonality will be the smallest or two major. However, it may also be that a neutral armor exists making use of the individual alterations needed in each note.


Alterations change the pitch of notes that follow in sequence at the position of the staff within a measure, unless canceled due to a new alteration.

Accent or Articulation

These specify the appearance in which the individual notes are played in a passage or phrase. They can be provided through the combination of more than one symbol below or above a note.


The compass defines the measure of the music. The music is separated into uniform sections known as bars.

On the other hand, the compass details the break that marks the determined time of a piece by establishing a number of pulses that are assigned in each measure as part. This system does not necessarily determine the pulses that are emphasized but usually suggests some groups of predominant pulses.


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