Pancreatectomy . Pancreatectomy is surgery performed to remove the pancreas . In this procedure, all or part of the pancreas is removed.
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- 1 Definition
- 2 Reasons to perform the procedure
- 3 Factors that can increase the risk of complications include
- 4 Before the procedure
- 5 Anesthesia
- 6 Description of the procedure
- 7 Care after the procedure
- 8 Situations you can present
- 9 Source
The pancreas is an important structure in the abdomen that generates enzymes. One type of enzyme aids in the digestion of food. Another type helps regulate blood sugar levels.
This surgery is done to remove the pancreas. In this procedure, all or part of the pancreas is removed. In some cases, other nearby structures may also be removed, such as:
- Part of the stomach or small intestine
- Nearby lymph nodes
Reasons to perform the procedure
Usually done to treat pancreatic cancer Possible complications
If you are going to have a pancreatectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
- Excessive bleeding
- Adverse reaction to anesthesia (eg dizziness, low blood pressure, wheezing)
- Loss of pancreatic enzymes to the abdomen
- Damage to other organs of the abdomen
Factors that can increase the risk of complications include
- Advanced age
- Poor nutrition
- Respiratory or heart disease
Before the procedure
You may have chemotherapy or radiation therapy before surgery to shrink the tumor.
In preparation for the procedure, your doctor may request:
- Physical exam
- Blood test
- Imaging studies to better locate cancer
Check with your doctor about medications, herbs, and dietary supplements. You may be asked to stop taking some medications for up to a week before the procedure, such as:
- Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (eg ibuprofen, naproxen)
- Anticoagulant medications
- Antiplatelet drugs
General anesthesia will be used . It will block any pain and keep you asleep during surgery. It is administered intravenously (needle) into the hand or arm.
The doctor will make an incision in the abdomen. The affected part of the pancreas and other affected areas will be removed. The doctor will close the incision with stitches or staples. Probes may be placed in your abdomen. Its purpose is to drain fluids from the surgery area. Also, another tube may be inserted, which will come out from the intestines into the outside of the abdomen to feed you.
If only part of the pancreas needs to be removed, your doctor may perform the surgery laparoscopically. Small incisions will be made and a camera will be inserted. This will help the doctor see the inside of the abdomen to remove the affected part of the pancreas.
At the hospital, staff will do the following:
- It will check it to check if there is any problem
- Give you medicine for pain and nausea
- It will extract the probes as it recovers and heals
Situations you can present
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
- Signs of infection (eg, fever, chills)
- Redness, swelling, increased pain, bleeding, or discharge from the incision site
- Nausea or vomiting
- Pain that cannot be controlled with the medications given