Acute abdomen in the child . The acute abdomen is made up of a group of syndromes that in turn group a variety of entities that have in common that require urgent treatment for their solution.
[ hide ]
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Classification
- 3 Classification of National Surgery Standards
- 4 Clinical-Evolutionary Classification
- 5 Source
In pediatric age, acute abdominal pain is a frequent reason for consultation in medical emergencies, hence the importance of theoretical knowledge and practical management of a wide range of pathologies that are included in this great syndrome, and other diseases that simulate it, from which it is necessary to know how to differentiate it; If we also take into account that in children due to anatomical characteristics and immunological immaturity, avoidable complications that can endanger the life of these small patients quickly occur, easily explains the importance of knowledge of this topic, in the training of future comprehensive general practitioners.
There are multiple classifications of the acute abdomen, but in our opinion we will present the two most important.
Classification of National Surgery Standards
- Peritoneal syndrome.
- Occlusive syndrome.
- Hemorrhagic syndrome
- Mixed syndrome.
- Initial period: They produce nonspecific symptoms that cannot be attributed to any pathology such as epigastralgia, nausea, inappetence, light fever, etc.
- Status period: The specific symptoms and signs of each pathology are produced, which allow its syndromic identification.
- Final period: It is the period in which most of the pathologies of the surgical acute abdomen stop, in which a timely diagnosis and treatment is not carried out and is characterized by toxiinfection with generalized sepsis.