Odre (container)

Odre . Kind of bag made of leather or animal skin that is used to store or contain liquids: wine or oil is usually stored in a wineskin . It was the most widespread container in ancient times.


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  • 1 Other names
  • 2 Materials used for its manufacture
  • 3 Manufacturing
    • 1 Skin removal
      • 1.1 Closed extraction
      • 1.2 Open extraction
      • 1.3 Skinning and cleaning
      • 1.4 Tanned
      • 1.5 The fish
      • 1.6 Threads and braids
      • 1.7 The curbs and mouthpieces
    • 4 Appearances in literature
      • 1 In the Bible
      • 2 Others
    • 5 Sources

Other names

  • Skins
  • Zaques

Materials used for its manufacture

The most used skin is that of goats . Its resistance is superior to all others, and it also provides essential flexibility for its subsequent use, as well as for carrying out the preparation and preparation tasks of the craftsman.

Sheepskin and sometimes ox skin are also used for very large wineskins. Sometimes the animal’s hair was preserved in the wineskins intended to contain milk, butter, cheese and water. However, a more complete tanning process was required in the wineskins used for oil and wine.


crafting details

Skin removal

Closed extraction

This shape is used for the manufacture of the skin or skin. It has its starting point from the way in which the animal is killed in a certain way so that the skin is as whole as possible without knife cuts so that the entire length of the neck is whole.

It is also very important that when skinning the skin it is done with a fist and not a knife, using the knife very rarely. When the animal is hung upside down on one of the hind legs, all skinning must be carried out by pulling the skin towards the head, leaving the legs or entire feet less a hind leg, which is where the skinning begins.

Open extraction

The skin is removed using the knife to open the skin from top to bottom and to open all the skin towards the legs, leaving all the skin open and stretched. Skinning should also be done with a fist so that the skin is as little damaged as possible. This shape is the one that is most used today and is intended for making boots or booties.

Grinding and cleaning

This cleaning of fats and meat is carried out with blades and dallas, scraping and not cutting. This work in their way of doing also depends on whether the skin is open or closed.


Vegetable tannin or tannin: It is extracted from the bark of trees. The crust is ground and left as ground flour. Several types of tree are usually used; They can be pine, holm oak, sumac, or as today, the most widely used, from the mimosa tree. The main mission of tanning is to make the skin become inorganic so that it does not rot, and tanning also gives body to the skin. It leaves it with a very spongy pore. After smearing the good Spanish olive oil or also with fish oils, on the inner part of the skin, it produces the effect of flexibility and protection of it necessary to be able to make it and give it durability in its time of use.

The closed skins that were used to transport the oil were not tanned. Cleaning and hygiene were carried out while preserving their natural waterproof. Here it was the same oil that performed the preservative function by slowly filtering out over the years. When the skin or hide had been pierced it could no longer be used for the transport of oil. Then the botero extracted the oil based on clay “clayey clay”, and then tanned it with vegetable tannins, using this bottle mainly for the use of wine. All of these latter tasks have practically disappeared.

There are cultures today that still preserve the tradition of using raw leather, for example in Africa they still use it for the transport of water, with the hair on the outside wetting it externally, keeping the water fresh on the routes in the middle of the desert. Other uses, in rural cultures, even in Spain , by rocking the milk in small wineskins, like butter and juicy curd. In India there are places where the streets are still watered with water pelts.

The fish

The fish is a resinous product which is also extracted from the tree, especially pine or juniper. Elaborated at very high temperatures to purify it, it is prepared to be the inner waterproof of the tanned skin for the botería mainly destined for wine.

Threads and braids

Currently the most widely used threads are made of linen , as well as the sewing braids are mostly cotton . Until the approximately 7O had been used the hemp in all sewing tasks.

The curbs and mouthpieces

Currently the most widely used curbs in the traditional boot are made with pressed resin, also call “Bakelite”. They were used in “bull horn” wood and are also made of plastic injection .

Appearances in literature

In the Bible

Gospel of Matthew, chapter 9 and verses 16 and 17:

“No one will patch an old dress with a patch of new fabric, because the patch will pucker the dress and the tear will be made worse. Nor is new wine poured into old wineskins. If you do so, the wineskins will burst, the wine will spill, and the wineskins will be ruined. Rather, the new wine is poured into new wineskins, and thus both are preserved. ”


In Don Quixote de la Mancha , Cervantes makes reference in a passage that says the following:

“Sancho counted more than sixty zaques, of more than two arrobas each, all full, which according to what appeared later, were generous wines”.


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