Ocean Theory of Paul Rivet. Oceanic or multiracial theory, according to which the American Indian population is the result of migrations from Asia , Australia , Polynesia and Melanesia .
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- 1 Author
- 2 Thesis
- 3 Fundamentals
- 4 Sources
Paul Rivet ( French ). [Ethnologist] who gave rise to the multiracial theory according to which the South American human being would come, in addition to Asia , Australia and Melanesia .
He raised the similarity of Melanic and Polynesian peoples with others in South America and revealed that these former, being excellent navigators, from Australia and Oceania in an easterly direction, would have crossed the Pacific Ocean to arrive at the South American coasts ( height of Nazca , Peru ) . The American Indian population is the result of a number of migrations, some through the Bering Strait and others through the Pacific Ocean, based on race and customs .
- F. Antropológicos: such blood group , height (small) and Color of skin (Negroid) between Lagoa-Santa, ancient nomadic inhabitants of the Brazil about 6000 BC and Polynesians also both have short face and broad.
- F. Ethnographic: customs and rituals common among Amazonian Melanic tribes : worship of trophy heads and mutilation of phalanxes as a sign of mourning .
- F. Cultural: use of hammocks , mosquito nets , truncheons stellate, drums of wood , bridges hanging, etc.
- F. Linguistics: similarity between Melanic words with that of the Hoka Indians of North America . They are of the same blood group, height (small) and skin color (Negroid), and both have short and broad faces . Also, there are similarities language and the use of objects cultural as the flute of bread , the dugout, the housing and clothing.
- Melanesia: maritime route: North-Equatorial Pacific Current, Panama – Mexico (sweet potato- cotton ).
- Polynesia: linguistic similarities: Maori Polynesia – Quechua : kumara (sweet potato), uno ( water ), pucara ( fortress ). Cultural similarities: the pachamanca, the taqlla or digging stick, crops , gods and legends arrived thanks to the South-equatorial Current of the Pacific, Easter Island .